As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 7, 2018

 

Registration No. 333-

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM S-3

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

 

 

CELSION CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   52-1256615

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

997 Lenox Drive, Suite 100

Lawrenceville, New Jersey 08648

(609) 896-9100

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

Michael H. Tardugno

President and Chief Executive Officer

997 Lenox Drive, Suite 100

Lawrenceville, New Jersey 08648

(609) 896-9100

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

 

Copy to:

Sam Zucker, Esq.

Sidley Austin LLP

1001 Page Mill Road, Building 1

Palo Alto, CA 94304

Telephone: (650) 565-7000

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public:

From time to time or at one time as determined by the Registrant after the effective date of this registration statement.

 

If the only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box. [  ]

 

If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, other than securities offered only in connection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check the following box. [X]

 

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. [  ]

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. [  ]

 

If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box. [  ]

 

If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box. [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

             
Large accelerated filer   [  ]   Accelerated filer   [  ]
Non-accelerated filer   [  ] (Do not check if smaller reporting company)   Smaller reporting company   [X]
        Emerging growth company   [  ]

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. [  ]

 

 

 

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

Title of Each Class of

Securities to be Registered

 

Amount to

be Registered(1)

  

Proposed

Maximum

Aggregate

Offering Price

per Security(2)

  

Proposed Maximum

Aggregate

Offering Price(3)

  

 

 

Amount of

Registration Fee(4)(5)(6)

 
Primary Offering:                    
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share                    
Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share                    
Debt Securities                    
Warrants                    
Rights                    
Units                    
Secondary Offering:                    
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share   190,114   $  2.63   $499,999.82   $  62.25 
TOTAL  $75,499,999.82        $75,499,999.82   $9,399.75 

 

(1)   In connection with the primary offering, this registration statement registers such indeterminate number of shares of common stock and preferred stock, such indeterminate principal amount of debt securities, such indeterminate number of warrants to purchase common stock or preferred stock of one or more series, such indeterminate number of rights to purchase common stock or preferred stock of one or more series and such indeterminate number of units representing an interest in one or more shares of common stock or preferred stock, debt securities, warrants or rights in any combination as shall have an aggregate initial offering price not to exceed $75,000,000. Any securities registered hereunder may be sold separately or as units with other securities registered hereunder. In connection with the secondary offering, the amount to be registered represents a maximum of 190,114 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.01, of the registrant issuable upon exercise of certain outstanding warrants at an exercise price of $2.63 to be offered and sold by the selling stockholder identified in this registration statement.
     
(2)   The proposed maximum initial offering price per unit will be determined by the registrant, from time to time, in connection with the issuance by the registrant of the securities registered hereunder. The securities registered also include such indeterminate amounts and numbers of shares of common stock and preferred stock and debt securities as may be issued upon conversion of, or exchange for, preferred stock or debt securities that provide for conversion or exchange, upon exercise of warrants or rights or pursuant to the anti-dilution provisions of such securities. In addition, pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act, the shares being registered hereunder include such indeterminate number of shares of common stock and preferred stock as may be issuable with respect to the shares being registered hereunder as a result of stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions.
     
(3)   The proposed maximum aggregate offering price per class of security will be determined from time to time by the registrant in connection with the issuance by the registrant of the securities registered hereunder and is not specified as to each class of security pursuant to General Instruction II.D. of Form S-3 under the Securities Act.
     
(4)   With respect to the primary offerings, the registration fee has been calculated in accordance with Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended
     
(5)   With respect to the secondary offering, the registration fee has been estimated solely for the purpose of computing the amount of the registration fee for the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of warrants being registered in accordance with Rule 457(g) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, based upon the higher of (i) the price at which the warrants may be exercised, and (ii) $2.89, the average of the high and low prices for a share of the registrant’s common stock as reported on The Nasdaq Capital Market on September 5, 2018, which date is a date within five business days of the filing of this registration statement.
     
(6)   The registrant paid a filing fee of $8,715.00 in connection with the registration of $75,000,000 of securities on a shelf registration statement on Form S-3, File No. 333-206789 (the “2015 Registration Statement”). The 2015 Registration Statement is subject to expiration on the third anniversary of the date it was declared effective by the Commission pursuant to Rule 415(a)(5) under the Securities Act with respect to the securities to be offered by the registrant thereunder. The $75,499,999.82 of securities covered by this registration statement consist of $45,837,524 of unsold securities from the 2015 Registration Statement (the “Unsold Securities”) and $29,662,475.82 of new securities covered by this registration statement. Pursuant to Rule 415(a)(6) under the Securities Act, the Unsold Securities and the related filing fee of $8,715.00 previously paid in connection with the 2015 Registration Statement are being carried forward to this registration statement. The filing fee of $3,692.98 that is being paid with respect to the $29,662,475.82 of new securities covered by this registration statement registered hereunder in connection with primary offerings by the registrant has been calculated in accordance with Rule 457(o). Pursuant to Rule 415(a)(6) under the Securities Act, the offering of securities on the 2015 Registration Statement will be deemed terminated as of the date of the effectiveness of this registration statement

 

The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until this registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission acting pursuant to said section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 

   
 

 

The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. Neither we nor the selling stockholder may sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and neither we nor the selling stockholder are soliciting offers to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED SEPTEMBER 7, 2018

 

PROSPECTUS

 

$75,000,000

Common Stock

Preferred Stock

Debt Securities

Warrants

Rights

Units

and

190,114 Shares of Common Stock

Issuable upon Exercise of Outstanding Warrants

Offered by the Selling Stockholder

 

This prospectus relates to a primary offering by the Company and a secondary offering by the selling stockholder.

 

In the primary offering, from time to time, we may offer or sell, together or separately, in one or more offerings:

 

  common stock;
     
  preferred stock;
     
  debt securities;
     
  warrants to purchase common stock or preferred stock;
     
  rights to purchase common stock or preferred stock; and
     
  units comprised of two or more of the foregoing securities.

 

We may sell any combination of these securities in one or more offerings, up to an aggregate offering price of $75,000,000, in amounts, at prices and on terms to be determined at the time of each offering thereof. This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities we may offer. Each time we offer securities using this prospectus, we will provide the specific terms of the securities and the offering in one or more supplements to this prospectus. We may also authorize one or more free writing prospectuses to be provided to you in connection with these offerings. The prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus may also add to, update or change the information contained in this prospectus and will also describe the specific manner in which we will offer the securities.

 

The securities may be sold directly by us to investors, through agents designated from time to time or to or through underwriters or dealers, on a continuous or delayed basis. For additional information on the methods of sale, you should refer to the section titled “Plan of Distribution” in this prospectus. If any agents or underwriters are involved in the sale of any securities with respect to which this prospectus is being delivered, the names of such agents or underwriters and any applicable fees, commissions, discounts and over-allotment options will be set forth in a prospectus supplement. The price to the public of such securities and the net proceeds that we expect to receive from such sale will also be set forth in a prospectus supplement.

 

This prospectus may not be used to sell any securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement. You should carefully read this prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, as well as any documents incorporated by reference, prior to investing in any of our securities.

 

This prospectus also relates to the resale, from time to time, by the selling stockholder identified in this prospectus under the caption “Selling Stockholder,” of up to 190,114 shares of our common stock, par value $0.01 per share, issuable upon exercise of the certain Warrants to Purchase Shares of Common Stock (the “Warrants”) on the terms described in this prospectus or in an applicable prospectus supplement. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of common stock by the selling stockholder. We will receive proceeds from cash exercise of the Warrants, which, if exercised in cash with respect to all of the 190,114 shares of common stock, would result in gross proceeds of approximately $500,000 to us. The selling stockholder will bear all commissions and discounts, if any, attributable to the sale of the shares.

 

The selling stockholder may sell the shares of our common stock offered by this prospectus from time to time on terms to be determined at the time of sale through ordinary brokerage transactions or through any other means described in this prospectus under the caption “Plan of Distribution.” The shares of common stock may be sold at fixed prices, at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices related to prevailing market price or at negotiated prices.

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should review carefully the risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 10 of this prospectus, in any accompanying prospectus supplement and in any related free writing prospectus, and under similar headings in the documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus.

 

Our common stock is traded on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “CLSN.” On September 6, 2018, the last reported sale price of our common stock on The NASDAQ Capital Market was $2.85 per share. We do not expect our preferred stock, debt securities, warrants, rights or units to be listed on any securities exchange or over-the-counter market unless otherwise described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

As of September 5, 2018, the aggregate market value of our voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates pursuant to General Instruction I.B.6. of Form S-3 was $49.3 million which was calculated based on 17,806,648 outstanding shares of our voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates and at a price of $2.77 per share, the closing sale price of our common stock reported on The NASDAQ Capital Market on September 5, 2018. As a result, we are eligible to offer and sell up to an aggregate of 19,330,540 of shares of our common stock pursuant to General Instruction I.B.6. of Form S-3. During the 12 calendar months prior to and including the date of this prospectus, we have offered and sold $450,000 of securities under this Registration Statement and or our Registration Statement (File No. 333-206789) filed on September 4, 2015 pursuant to General Instruction I.B.6 of Form S-3. In no event will we sell the securities covered hereby in a public primary offering with a value exceeding more than one-third of our public float in any 12-month period so long as our public float remains below $75.0 million.

 

 

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

The date of this prospectus is           , 2018

 

 

 

   
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS   1
WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION   2
INFORMATION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE   3
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS   4
PROSPECTUS SUMMARY   5
RISK FACTORS   10
USE OF PROCEEDS   11
DIVIDEND POLICY   11
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES   12
DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK   13
DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES   17
DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS, OTHER RIGHTS AND UNITS   23
SELLING STOCKHOLDER   24
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION   25
LEGAL MATTERS   29
EXPERTS   29

 

i
 

 

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

 

This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form S-3 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) utilizing a “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, we may, from time to time, offer shares of our common stock, shares of our preferred stock, debt securities, warrants, rights or units comprised of two or more of the foregoing securities in one or more offerings, for a total maximum offering price not to exceed $75,000,000.

 

In addition, this prospectus relates to the resale, from time to time, by the selling stockholder identified in this prospectus under the caption “Selling Stockholder,” of up to 190,114 shares of our common stock, par value $0.01 per share, issuable upon exercise of certain Warrants. As described below under “Selling Stockholder”, on page 24 the Warrants are immediately exercisable for cash or by net exercise from the date of grant and will expire after ten years from the date of grant. The Warrants are exercisable for a total of 190,114 shares of common stock at $2.63 per share by the selling stockholder. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of common stock by the selling stockholder. We will receive proceeds from the cash exercise of the warrants which, if exercised in cash with respect to all of the 190,114 shares of common stock, would result in gross proceeds of approximately $500,000 to us.

 

This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities we may offer. Each time we sell any securities under this prospectus, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain more specific information about the terms of that specific offering, including the specific amounts, prices and terms of the securities offered. Any prospectus supplement may include a discussion of risks or other special considerations applicable to us or the offered securities. Any prospectus supplement may also add to, update or change information contained in this prospectus. To the extent there is a conflict between the information contained in this prospectus, on the one hand, and the information contained in any prospectus, on the other hand, you should rely on the information in the prospectus supplement. If any statement in one of these documents is inconsistent with a statement in another document having a later date-for example, a document incorporated by reference in the accompanying prospectus-the statement in the document having the later date modifies or supersedes the earlier statement.

 

This prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement contain and incorporate by reference market data, industry statistics and other data that have been obtained or compiled from information made available by third parties. These data, to the extent they contain estimates or projections, involve a number of assumptions and limitations, and you are cautioned not to give undue weight to such estimates or projections. Industry publications and other reports we have obtained from independent parties generally state that the data contained in these publications or other reports have been obtained in good faith or from sources considered to be reliable, but they do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of such data.

 

We urge you to carefully read this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, any documents that we incorporate by reference in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, and the additional information described below under “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Documents by Reference” before making an investment decision. You should rely only on the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with different information. If anyone provides you with additional, different or inconsistent information, you should not rely on it. You should not assume that the information we have included in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement, any related free writing prospectus or any documents incorporated by reference herein or therein is accurate as of any date other than the dates of those documents. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.

 

This document may only be used where it is legal to sell these securities. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is no soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction whether the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

Unless the context indicates otherwise, as used in this prospectus, the terms “Celsion,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Celsion Corporation, a Delaware corporation, and its wholly-owned subsidiary, CLSN Laboratories, Inc., also a Delaware corporation. The Celsion brand and product names, including but not limited to Celsion® and ThermoDox®, contained in this prospectus are trademarks, registered trademarks or service marks of Celsion Corporation or its subsidiary in the United States and certain other countries. This document may also contain references to trademarks and service marks of other companies that are the property of their respective owners.

 

 1  
 

 

WHERE YOU CAN FIND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

We are subject to the information requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act). In accordance with the Exchange Act, we file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. Such reports, proxy statements and other information filed by us are available to the public free of charge at www.sec.gov. You may also read and copy any document we file with the SEC at the public reference facilities maintained by the SEC at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the public reference facilities by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. Copies of certain information filed by us with the SEC are also available on our website at www.celsion.com. The information available on or through our website is not part of this prospectus or any accompanying prospectus supplement or related free writing prospectus and should not be relied upon.

 

This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the SEC. This prospectus omits some information contained in the registration statement in accordance with SEC rules and regulations. You should review the information and exhibits in the registration statement for further information about us and the securities being offered hereby. Statements in this prospectus concerning any document we filed as an exhibit to the registration statement or that we otherwise filed with the SEC are not intended to be comprehensive and are qualified by reference to the filings. You should review the complete document to evaluate these statements.

 

 2  
 

 

INFORMATION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

The SEC rules allow us to “incorporate by reference” into this prospectus information that we file with the SEC. Incorporation by reference allows us to disclose important information to you by referring you to those publicly available documents. The information that we incorporate by reference into this prospectus is considered to be part of this prospectus. These documents may include Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K, as well as proxy statements. You should read the information incorporated by reference because it is an important part of this prospectus.

 

This prospectus incorporates by reference the documents listed below, other than those documents or the portions of those documents deemed to be furnished and not filed in accordance with the SEC rules:

 

  our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on March 27, 2018;
     
  our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on May 11, 2018 and June 27, 2018;
     
  our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on August 14, 2018;
     
  our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 15, 2018, June 28, 2018 and September 4, 2018;
     
  our Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed with the SEC on March 30, 2018; and
     
  the description of our common stock contained in our registration statement on Form 8-A filed with the SEC on May 26, 2000, as amended by a Form 8-A/A dated February 7, 2008, and any amendments or reports filed for the purpose of updating such description.

 

Any statement contained in any document incorporated by reference herein shall be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus to the extent that a statement contained in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement modifies or supersedes such statement. Any statement so modified or superseded shall not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this prospectus.

 

We also incorporate by reference any future filings, other than current reports furnished under Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of Form 8-K and exhibits filed on such form that are related to such items, made with the SEC pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, in each case, other than those documents or the portions of those documents deemed to be furnished and not filed in accordance with SEC rules, until the offering of the securities under the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part is terminated or completed. Information in such future filings updates and supplements the information provided in this prospectus. Any statements in any such future filings will be deemed to modify and supersede any information in any document we previously filed with the SEC that is incorporated or deemed to be incorporated herein by reference to the extent that statements in the later filed document modify or replace such earlier statements.

 

Because we are incorporating by reference future filings with the SEC, this prospectus is continually updated and later information filed with the SEC may update and supersede some of the information included or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. This means that you must look at all of the SEC filings that we incorporate by reference to determine if any of the statements in this prospectus or in any document previously incorporated by reference have been modified or superseded.

 

We will provide without charge to each person, including any beneficial owners, to whom this prospectus is delivered, upon his or her written or oral request, a copy of any or all documents referred to above which have been or may be incorporated by reference into this prospectus but not delivered with this prospectus, excluding exhibits to those documents unless they are specifically incorporated by reference into those documents. You may request a copy of these documents by writing or telephoning us at the following address.

 

Celsion Corporation

997 Lenox Drive, Suite 100

Lawrenceville, New Jersey 08648

(609) 896-9100

Attention: Jeffrey W. Church

Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

 3  
 

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

Certain statements contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, in any applicable prospectus and in any related free writing prospectus constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and releases issued by the SEC and within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Securities Act), and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. From time to time, we may publish forward-looking statements relating to such matters as anticipated financial performance, business prospects, technological developments, product pipelines, clinical trials and research and development activities, the adequacy of capital reserves and anticipated operating results and cash expenditures, current and potential collaborations, strategic alternatives and other aspects of our present and future business operations and similar matters that also constitute such forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our or our industry’s actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such statements include, without limitation:

 

  any statements regarding future operations, plans, regulatory filings or approvals, including the plans and objectives of management for future operations or programs or proposed new products or services;
     
  any statements regarding the performance, or likely performance, or outcomes or economic benefit of any of our research and development activities, proposed or potential clinical trials or new drug filing strategies or timelines, including whether any of our clinical trials will be completed successfully within any specified time period or at all;
     
  any projections of earnings, cash resources, revenue, expense or other financial terms;
     
  any statements regarding the initiation, timing, progress and results of our research and development programs, preclinical studies, any clinical trials and Investigational New Drug application, New Drug Application and other regulatory submissions;
     
  any statements regarding cost and timing of development and testing, capital structure, financial condition, working capital needs and other financial items;
     
  any statements regarding the implementation of our business model and integration of acquired technologies, assets or businesses and existing or future collaborations, mergers, acquisitions or other strategic transactions;
     
  any statements regarding approaches to medical treatment, any introduction of new products by others, any possible licenses or acquisitions of other technologies, assets or businesses, or possible actions by customers, suppliers, strategic partners, potential strategic partners, competitors or regulatory authorities;
     
  any statements regarding development or success of our collaboration arrangements or future payments that may come due to us under these arrangements;
     
  any statements regarding compliance with the listing standards of The NASDAQ Capital Market; and
     
  any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance and any statement of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.

 

In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “continue,” “plan,” “believe,” “could,” “intend,” “predict,” “may,” “should,” “will,” “would” and words of similar import regarding our expectations. Forward-looking statements are only predictions. Actual events or results may differ materially. Although we believe that our expectations are based on reasonable assumptions within the bounds of our knowledge of our industry, business and operations, we cannot guarantee that actual results will not differ materially from our expectations. In evaluating such forward-looking statements, you should specifically consider various factors, including the risks outlined under “Risk Factors” contained in this prospectus and any related free writing prospectus, and in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and our most recent filed Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, as well as any amendments thereto reflected in subsequent filings with the SEC. The discussion of risks and uncertainties set forth in those filings is not necessarily a complete or exhaustive list of all risks facing us at any particular point in time. We operate in a highly competitive, highly regulated and rapidly changing environment, and our business is in a state of evolution. Therefore, it is likely that new risks will emerge and the nature and elements of existing risks will change. It is not possible for management to predict all such risk factors or changes therein or to assess either the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any individual risk factor, combination of factors or new or altered factors may cause results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. Forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date such forward-looking statements are made. You should carefully read this prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus, together with the information incorporated herein or therein by reference as described under the section titled “Information Incorporated By Reference,” and with the understanding that our actual future results may materially differ from what we expect.

 

Except as required by law, forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements publicly, or to update the reasons why actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in any forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available.

 

 4  
 

 

PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

 

The following summary highlights information contained elsewhere or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. This summary does not contain all of the information you should consider before investing in the securities. Before making an investment decision, you should read the entire prospectus carefully, including the matters discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” in this prospectus.

 

Overview

 

Celsion is a fully-integrated development stage oncology drug company focused on advancing a portfolio of innovative cancer treatments, including directed chemotherapies, DNA-mediated immunotherapy and RNA based therapies. Our lead product candidate is ThermoDox®, a proprietary heat-activated liposomal encapsulation of doxorubicin, currently in a Phase III clinical trial for the treatment of primary liver cancer (the OPTIMA Study). Second in our pipeline is GEN-1, a DNA-mediated immunotherapy for the localized treatment of ovarian and brain cancers. We have two platform technologies providing the basis for the future development of a range of therapeutics for difficult-to-treat forms of cancer including: Lysolipid Thermally Sensitive Liposomes, a heat sensitive liposomal based dosage form that targets disease with known therapeutics in the presence of mild heat and TheraPlas, a novel nucleic acid-based treatment for local transfection of therapeutic plasmids. With these technologies we are working to develop and commercialize more efficient, effective and targeted oncology therapies that maximize efficacy while minimizing side-effects common to cancer treatments.

 

ThermoDox®

 

ThermoDox® is being evaluated in a Phase III clinical trial for primary liver cancer, which we call the OPTIMA Study, which was initiated in 2014 and a Phase II clinical trial for recurrent chest wall breast cancer. ThermoDox® is a liposomal encapsulation of doxorubicin, an approved and frequently used oncology drug for the treatment of a wide range of cancers. Localized heat at hyperthermia temperatures (greater than 40° Celsius) releases the encapsulated doxorubicin from the liposome enabling high concentrations of doxorubicin to be deposited preferentially in and around the targeted tumor.

 

The OPTIMA Study

 

The OPTIMA Study represents an evaluation of ThermoDox® in combination with a first line therapy, radio frequency ablation (RFA), for newly diagnosed, intermediate stage HCC patients. HCC incidence globally is approximately 850,000 new cases per year and is the third largest cancer indication globally. Approximately 30% of newly diagnosed patients can be addressed with RFA alone.

 

On February 24, 2014, we announced that the United States Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”), after its customary 30-day review period, provided clearance for the OPTIMA Study, which is a pivotal, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase III trial of ThermoDox®, in combination with standardized RFA, for the treatment of primary liver cancer. The trial design of the OPTIMA Study is based on the comprehensive analysis of data from an earlier clinical trial called the HEAT Study, which is described below. The OPTIMA Study is supported by a hypothesis developed from an overall survival analysis of a large subgroup of patients from the HEAT Study.

 

We initiated the OPTIMA Study in 2014. The OPTIMA Study was designed with extensive input from globally recognized hepatocellular carcinoma (“HCC”) researchers and expert clinicians and after receiving formal written consultation from the FDA. The OPTIMA Study is expected to enroll up to 550 patients globally at up to 70 sites in the United States, Canada, Europe Union, China and other countries in the Asia-Pacific region, and will evaluate ThermoDox® in combination with standardized RFA, which will require a minimum of 45 minutes across all investigators and clinical sites for treating lesions three to seven centimeters, versus standardized RFA alone. The primary endpoint for this clinical trial is overall survival (“OS”), and the secondary endpoints are progression free survival and safety. The statistical plan calls for two interim efficacy analyses by an independent Data Monitoring Committee (DMC).

 

On December 16, 2015, we announced that we had received the clinical trial application approval from the China Food and Drug Administration (the “CFDA”) to conduct the OPTIMA Study in China. This clinical trial application approval will allow Celsion to enroll patients at up to 20 clinical sites in China. On April 26, 2016, we announced that the first patient in China had been enrolled in the OPTIMA Study. Results from the OPTIMA Study, if successful, will provide the basis for a global registration filing and marketing approval.

 

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On April 9, 2018, the Company announced that the DMC for the Company’s OPTIMA Study completed its last regularly scheduled review of the patients enrolled in the trial and has unanimously recommended that the OPTIMA Study continue according to protocol to its final data readout. The DMC’s recommendation was based on the its assessment of safety and data integrity of the first 75% of patients randomized in the trial as of February 5, 2018. The DMC reviewed study data at regular intervals, with the primary responsibilities of ensuring the safety of all patients enrolled in the study, the quality of the data collected, and the continued scientific validity of the study design. As part of its review of the first 413 patients, the DMC monitored a quality matrix relating to the total clinical data set, confirming the timely collection of data, that all data are current as well as other data collection and quality criteria.

 

On September 5, 2018, the Company announced that it has reached its enrollment objective of 550 patients in the Phase III OPTIMA Study.

 

The HEAT Study

 

On January 31, 2013, the Company announced that the HEAT Study, ThermoDox® in combination with RFA, did not meet the primary endpoint, PFS, of a Phase III clinical trial enrolling 701 patients with primary liver cancer. This determination was made after conferring with the HEAT Study independent DMC, that the HEAT Study did not meet the goal of demonstrating a clinically meaningful improvement in progression free survival. In the trial, ThermoDox® was well-tolerated with no unexpected serious adverse events. Following the announcement of the HEAT Study results, we continued to follow patients for OS, the secondary endpoint of the HEAT Study. We have conducted a comprehensive analysis of the data from the HEAT Study to assess the future strategic value and development strategy for ThermoDox®.

 

The DIGNITY Study

 

On December 14, 2015, we announced final data from our ongoing DIGNITY study, which is an open-label, dose-escalating Phase II trial of ThermoDox® in patients with recurrent chest wall breast cancer. The DIGNITY Study was designed to establish a safe therapeutic dose in Phase I, and to demonstrate local control in Phase II, including complete and partial responses, and stable disease as its primary endpoint. The DIGNITY Study was also designed to evaluate kinetics in ThermoDox® produced from more than one manufacturing site. Of the 29 patients enrolled and treated, 21 patients were eligible for evaluation of efficacy. Approximately 62% of evaluable patients experienced a local response, including six complete responses and seven partial responses.

 

Acquisition of EGEN Assets

 

On June 20, 2014, we completed the acquisition of substantially all of the assets of EGEN, Inc., an Alabama corporation, which has changed its company name to EGWU, Inc. after the closing of the acquisition (“EGEN”), pursuant to an asset purchase agreement dated as of June 6, 2014, by and between EGEN and Celsion (the “Asset Purchase Agreement”). We acquired all of EGEN’s right, title and interest in and to substantially all of the assets of EGEN, including cash and cash equivalents, patents, trademarks and other intellectual property rights, clinical data, certain contracts, licenses and permits, equipment, furniture, office equipment, furnishings, supplies and other tangible personal property. In addition, CLSN Laboratories assumed certain specified liabilities of EGEN, including the liabilities arising out of the acquired contracts and other assets relating to periods after the closing date. The total purchase price for the asset acquisition is up to $44.4 million, including potential future earnout payments of up to $30.4 million contingent upon achievement of certain earnout milestones set forth in the Asset Purchase Agreement. At the closing, we paid approximately $3.0 million in cash after the expense adjustment and issued 193,728 shares of our common stock to EGEN. The shares of common stock were issued in a private transaction exempt from registration under the Securities Act, pursuant to Section 4(2) thereof. In addition, the Company held back 47,862 shares of common stock issuable to EGEN pending satisfactory resolution of any post-closing adjustments of expenses and EGEN’s indemnification obligations under the EGEN Purchase Agreement (Holdback Shares). These shares were issued on June 16, 2017.

 

After its review in 2016, management concluded that there was no immediate opportunity to out-license TheraSilence. As a result of this analysis, the earnout payments were adjusted prior to 2017 and are now up to $24.4 million that may become payable, in cash, shares of our common stock or a combination thereof, at our option, upon achievement of two major milestone events as follows:

 

  $12.4 million will become payable upon achieving certain specified development milestones relating to an ovarian cancer study of GEN-1 (formerly known as EGEN-001) to be conducted by us or our subsidiary; and
     
  $12.0 million will become payable upon achieving certain specified development milestones relating to a GEN-1 glioblastoma multiforme brain cancer study to be conducted by us or our subsidiary.

 

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Our obligations to make the earnout payments will terminate on the seventh anniversary of the closing date. In the acquisition, we purchased GEN-1, a DNA-based immunotherapy for the localized treatment of ovarian and brain cancers, and two platform technologies for the development of treatments for those suffering with difficult-to-treat forms of cancer, novel nucleic acid-based immunotherapies and other anti-cancer DNA or RNA therapies, including TheraPlas and TheraSilence.

 

GEN-I

 

In February 2015, we announced that the FDA accepted, without objection, the Phase I dose-escalation clinical trial of GEN-1 in combination with the standard of care in neo-adjuvant ovarian cancer (the OVATION Study). On September 30, 2015, we announced enrollment of the first patient in the OVATION Study. The OVATION Study is designed to (i) to identify a safe, tolerable and potentially therapeutically active dose of GEN-1 by recruiting and maximizing an immune response and (ii) to enroll three to six patients per dose level and will evaluate safety and efficacy and attempt to define an optimal dose for a follow-on Phase I/II study. In addition, the OVATION Study establishes a unique opportunity to assess how cytokine-based compounds such as GEN-1, directly affect ovarian cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment in newly diagnosed patients. The study is designed to characterize the nature of the immune response triggered by GEN-1 at various levels of the patients’ immune system, including:

 

  Infiltration of cancer fighting T-cell lymphocytes into primary tumor and tumor microenvironment including peritoneal cavity, which is the primary site of metastasis of ovarian cancer;
     
  Changes in local and systemic levels of immuno-stimulatory and immunosuppressive cytokines associated with tumor suppression and growth, respectively; and
     
  Expression profile of a comprehensive panel of immune related genes in pre-treatment and GEN-1-treated tumor tissue.

 

We initiated the OVATION Study at four clinical sites at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Oklahoma University Medical Center, Washington University in St. Louis and the Medical College of Wisconsin. During 2016 and 2017, we announced data from the first fourteen patients in the OVATION Study, who completed treatment.

 

On October 3, 2017, we announced final clinical and translational research data from the OVATION Study, a Phase Ib dose escalating clinical trial combining GEN-1 with the standard of care for the treatment of newly-diagnosed patients with advanced Stage III/IV ovarian cancer who will undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery.

 

GEN-1 OVATION II Study.

 

The Company held an Advisory Board Meeting on September 27, 2017 with the clinical investigators and scientific experts including those from Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Vanderbilt University Medical School, and M.D. Anderson Cancer Center to review and finalize clinical, translational research and safety data from the Phase IB OVATION Study in order to determine the next steps forward for our GEN-1 immunotherapy program.

 

On November 13, 2017, the Company filed its Phase I/II clinical trial protocol with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for GEN-1 for the localized treatment of ovarian cancer. The protocol is designed with a single dose escalation phase to 100 mg/m² to identify a safe and tolerable dose of GEN-1 while maximizing an immune response. The 12 patient Phase I portion of the study will be followed by a continuation at the selected dose in up to 118 patient randomized Phase II study. GEN-1 has demonstrated positive safety and efficacy data in the recently completed dose escalation Phase IB trial in combination with neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

 

TheraPlas Technology Platform

 

TheraPlas is a technology platform for the delivery of DNA and messenger RNA (“mRNA”) therapeutics via synthetic non-viral carriers and is capable of providing cell transfection for double-stranded DNA plasmids and large therapeutic RNA segments such as mRNA. There are two components of the TheraPlas system, a plasmid DNA or mRNA payload encoding a therapeutic protein and a delivery system. The delivery system is designed to protect the DNA/RNA from degradation and promote trafficking into cells and through intracellular compartments. We designed the delivery system of TheraPlas by chemically modifying the low molecular weight polymer to improve its gene transfer activity without increasing toxicity. We believe TheraPlas is a viable alternative to current approaches to gene delivery due to several distinguishing characteristics, including enhanced molecular versatility that allows for complex modifications to improve activity and safety.

 

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Technology Development and Licensing Agreements.

 

Our current efforts and resources are applied on the development and commercialization of cancer drugs including tumor-targeting chemotherapy treatments using focused heat energy in combination with heat-activated drug delivery systems, immunotherapies and RNA-based therapies.

 

On August 8, 2016, we signed a Technology Transfer, Manufacturing and Commercial Supply Agreement (the “GEN-1 Agreement”) with Zhejiang Hisun Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. (Hisun) to pursue an expanded partnership for the technology transfer relating to the clinical and commercial manufacture and supply of GEN-1, Celsion’s proprietary gene mediated, IL-12 immunotherapy, for the greater China territory, with the option to expand into other countries in the rest of the world after all necessary regulatory approvals are obtained. The GEN-1 Agreement will help to support supply for both ongoing and planned clinical studies in the United States, and for potential future studies of GEN-1 in China. GEN-1 is currently being evaluated by Celsion in first line ovarian cancer patients.

 

In June 2012, Celsion and Hisun signed a long-term commercial supply agreement for the production of ThermoDox®. Hisun is one the largest manufacturers of chemotherapy agents globally, including doxorubicin. In July 2013, the ThermoDox® collaboration was expanded to focus on next generation liposomal formulation development with the goal of creating safer, more efficacious versions of marketed cancer chemotherapeutics. During 2015, Hisun successfully completed the manufacture of three registration batches for ThermoDox® and has obtained regulatory approvals to supply ThermoDox® to participating clinical trial sites in all of the countries of South East Asia, Europe and North America, as well as to the European Union countries allowing for early access to ThermoDox®. The future manufacturing of clinical and commercial supplies by Hisun will result in a cost structure allowing Celsion to profitably access all global markets, including third world countries, and help accelerate the Company’s product development program in China for ThermoDox® in primary liver cancer and other approved indications.

 

Business Strategy

 

We have not generated and do not expect to generate any revenue from product sales in the next several years, if at all. An element of our business strategy has been to pursue, as resources permit, the research and development of a range of product candidates for a variety of indications. We may also evaluate licensing cancer products from third parties for cancer treatments to expand our current product pipeline. This is intended to allow us to diversify the risks associated with our research and development expenditures. To the extent we are unable to maintain a broad range of product candidates, our dependence on the success of one or a few product candidates would increase and results such as those announced in relation to the HEAT study on January 31, 2013 will have a more significant impact on our financial prospects, financial condition and market value. We may also consider and evaluate strategic alternatives, including investment in, or acquisition of, complementary businesses, technologies or products. As demonstrated by the HEAT Study results, drug research and development is an inherently uncertain process and there is a high risk of failure at every stage prior to approval. The timing and the outcome of clinical results are extremely difficult to predict. The success or failure of any preclinical development and clinical trial can have a disproportionately positive or negative impact on our results of operations, financial condition, prospects and market value.

 

Our current business strategy includes the possibility of entering into collaborative arrangements with third parties to complete the development and commercialization of our product candidates. In the event that third parties take over the clinical trial process for one or more of our product candidates, the estimated completion date would largely be under the control of that third party rather than us. We cannot forecast with any degree of certainty which proprietary products or indications, if any, will be subject to future collaborative arrangements, in whole or in part, and how such arrangements would affect our development plan or capital requirements. We may also apply for subsidies, grants or government or agency-sponsored studies that could reduce our development costs.

 

As a result of the uncertainties discussed above, among others, we are unable to estimate the duration and completion costs of our research and development projects or when, if ever, and to what extent we will receive cash inflows from the commercialization and sale of a product. Our inability to complete our research and development projects in a timely manner or to obtain positive results in our clinical trials, as well as any failure to enter into collaborative agreements when appropriate, could significantly increase our capital requirements and could adversely impact our liquidity. While our estimated future capital requirements are uncertain and could increase or decrease as a result of many factors, including the extent to which we choose to advance our research, development and clinical trials or whether we are in a position to pursue manufacturing or commercialization activities, it is clear we will need significant additional capital to develop our product candidates through clinical development, manufacturing and commercialization. We do not know whether we will be able to access additional capital when needed or on terms favorable to us or our stockholders. Our inability to raise additional capital, or to do so on terms reasonably acceptable to us, would jeopardize the future success of our business.

 

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Corporate Information

 

We were founded in 1982 and are a Delaware corporation. Our shares of common stock trade on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “CLSN.” Our principal executive offices are located at 997 Lenox Drive, Suite 100, Lawrenceville, New Jersey 08648. Our telephone number is (609) 896-9100 and our website is www.celsion.com. The information available on or through our website is not part of or incorporated by reference into, this prospectus and should not be relied upon.

 

 

Horizon Loan Agreement

 

On June 27, 2018, the Company issued warrants (the “Warrants”) exercisable for a total of 190,114 shares of common stock to Horizon Technology Finance Corporation (“Horizon”) in connection with the loan agreement entered into by and between Celsion and Horizon. The Warrants are immediately exercisable, at a per share exercise price of $2.63, for cash or by net exercise from the date of grant and will expire after ten years from the date of grant.


 

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RISK FACTORS

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider and evaluate all of the information contained in this prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement and in the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement before you decide to purchase our securities. In particular, you should carefully consider and evaluate the risks and uncertainties described in “Part I - Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, as updated by the additional risks and uncertainties set forth in our most recent Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in other filings we make with the SEC, as well as the risks and uncertainties described under the heading “Risk Factors” contained in the applicable prospectus supplement or in any other document incorporated by reference into this prospectus. Any of the risks and uncertainties set forth therein could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition, which in turn could materially and adversely affect the trading price or value of our securities. As a result, you could lose all or part of your investment.

 

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USE OF PROCEEDS

 

Unless otherwise indicated in a prospectus supplement, we currently intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of the securities offered hereby for general corporate purposes, which may include the further research and development, clinical trials, manufacture and commercialization of our lead product candidate, ThermoDox®, and other products, including GEN-1, and to fund research and development of our technologies, working capital, repaying, redeeming or repurchasing debt, capital expenditures and other general corporate purposes. We may also use a portion of the net proceeds to acquire or invest in businesses, products and technologies that are complementary to our own, as well as for capital expenditures. We have not specifically allocated the proceeds to those purposes as of the date of this prospectus. Pending these uses, we expect to invest the net proceeds in short-term, interest-bearing instruments or other investment-grade securities, certificates of deposits or short-term U.S. government securities. The precise amount and timing of the application of proceeds from the sale of securities will depend on our funding requirements and the availability and cost of other funds at the time of sale. Allocation of proceeds of a particular series of securities, or the principal reason for the offering if no allocation has been made, will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement or in any related free writing prospectus.

 

We will not receive any proceeds from the resale of shares of our common stock by the selling stockholder however, we will receive proceeds of approximately $500,000 if all of the Warrants for which the underlying shares are being registered herein are exercised. We expect to use any proceeds from the exercise of these warrants for capital expenditures, working capital and other general corporate purposes.

 

DIVIDEND POLICY

 

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock and do not currently anticipate declaring or paying cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We currently intend to retain all of our future earnings, if any, to finance operations. Any future determination relating to our dividend policy will be made at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on a number of factors, including future earnings, capital requirements, financial conditions, future prospects, contractual restrictions and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant.

 

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GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES

 

We may offer shares of common or preferred stock, various series of debt securities, warrants or other rights to purchase common stock or preferred stock, or units consisting of combinations of the foregoing, in each case from time to time under this prospectus, together with any applicable prospectus supplement, at prices and on terms to be determined by market conditions at the time of offering. This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities we may offer. At the time we offer a type or series of securities, we will provide a prospectus supplement describing the specific amounts, prices and other important terms of the securities, including, to the extent applicable:

 

  designation or classification;
     
   aggregate principal amount or aggregate offering price;
     
   voting or other rights;
     
   rates and times of payment of interest, dividends or other payments;
     
   original issue discount;
     
   maturity;
     
  ranking;
     
   restrictive covenants;
     
   redemption, conversion, exercise, exchange, settlement or sinking fund terms, including prices or rates, and any provisions for changes to or adjustments in such prices or rates and in the securities or other property receivable upon conversion, exercise, exchange or settlement;
     
   any securities exchange or market listing arrangements; and
     
   important U.S. federal income tax considerations.

 

This prospectus may not be used to offer or sell securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement. The prospectus supplement may add, update or change information contained in this prospectus or in documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus. We urge you to read the prospectus supplement related to any securities being offered.

 

We may sell the securities directly to or through underwriters, dealers or agents. We and our underwriters, dealers or agents reserve the right to accept or reject all or part of any proposed purchase of securities. If we do offer securities through underwriters or agents, we will include in the applicable prospectus supplement (a) the names of the underwriters or agents and applicable fees, discounts and commissions to be paid to them, (b) details regarding over-allotment options, if any, and (c) net proceeds to us.

 

The following descriptions are not complete and may not contain all the information you should consider before investing in any securities we may offer hereunder; they are summarized from, and qualified by reference to, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, bylaws and the other documents referred to in the descriptions, all of which are or will be publicly filed with the SEC, as applicable. See “Where You Can Find More Information.”


 

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DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

 

General

 

Our authorized capital stock consists of 112,500,000 shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share, and 100,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share. As of September 6, 2018, there were 17,911,120 shares of our common stock outstanding and no shares of preferred stock outstanding.

 

The following summary description of our capital stock is based on the applicable provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law, as amended (DGCL), the provisions of our certificate of incorporation, as amended (our certificate of incorporation), and our bylaws, as amended (our bylaws). This information is qualified entirely by reference to the applicable provisions of the DGCL, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws. For information on how to obtain copies of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, which are exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, see the section titled “Where You Can Find Additional Information” in this prospectus.

 

Common Stock

 

Holders of common stock to be registered hereunder are entitled to one vote for each share held of record on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders and do not have cumulative voting rights. Subject to any preferential rights of any outstanding preferred stock, holders of common stock are entitled to receive ratably such dividends, if any, as may be declared from time to time by our board of directors out of funds legally available therefor. In the event of a dissolution, liquidation or winding-up of the Company, holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets remaining after payment of liabilities and any preferential rights of any outstanding preferred stock.

 

Holders of common stock have no preemptive or conversion rights or other subscription rights. There are no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable to our common stock. All outstanding shares of common stock are fully paid and non-assessable. The rights, preferences and privileges of the holders of common stock are subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights of the holders of shares of any series of preferred stock which may be designated and issued in the future.

 

Preferred Stock

 

Pursuant to our certificate of incorporation, our board of directors has the authority, without further action by the stockholders (unless such stockholder action is required by applicable law or NASDAQ rules), to designate and issue shares of preferred stock in one or more series, to establish from time to time the number of shares to be included in each such series, to fix the designations, powers (including voting), privileges, preferences and relative participating, optional or other rights, if any, of the shares of each such series and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof and to increase or decrease the number of shares of any such series, but not below the number of shares of such series then outstanding.

 

We will fix the designations, powers (including voting), privileges, preferences and relative participating, optional or other rights, if any, of the preferred stock of each series, as well as the qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, in the certificate of designation relating to that series. We will file as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, or will incorporate by reference from reports that we file with the SEC, the form of any certificate of designation that describes the terms of the series of preferred stock we are offering before the issuance of that series of preferred stock. This description will include:

 

  the title and stated value;
     
  the number of shares we are offering;
     
  the liquidation preference per share;
     
  the purchase price;
     
  the dividend rate, period and payment date and method of calculation for dividends;
     
  whether dividends will be cumulative or non-cumulative and, if cumulative, the date from which dividends will accumulate;

 

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  the procedures for any auction or remarketing, if any;
     
  the provisions for a sinking fund, if any;
     
  the provisions for redemption or repurchase, if applicable, and any restrictions on our ability to exercise those redemption and repurchase rights;
     
  any listing of the preferred stock on any securities exchange or market;

 

  whether the preferred stock will be convertible into or exchangeable for other securities and, if applicable, the conversion price, or how it will be calculated, and the conversion period;
     
  voting rights, if any, of the preferred stock;
     
  preemptive rights, if any;
     
  restrictions on transfer, sale or other assignment, if any;
     
  liability as to further calls or to assessment by the Company, if any;
     
  a discussion of any material United States federal income tax considerations applicable to the preferred stock;
     
  the relative ranking and preferences of the preferred stock as to dividend rights and rights if we liquidate, dissolve or wind up our affairs;
     
  any limitations on the issuance of any class or series of preferred stock ranking senior to or on a parity with the series of preferred stock as to dividend rights and rights if we liquidate, dissolve or wind up our affairs; and
     
  any other specific terms, preferences, rights or limitations of, or restrictions on, the preferred stock.

 

The DGCL provides that the holders of preferred stock will have the right to vote separately as a class or, in some cases, as a series on an amendment to our certificate of incorporation if the amendment would change the par value or, unless our certificate of incorporation provides otherwise, the number of authorized shares of the class or the powers, preferences or special rights of the class or series so as to adversely affect the class or series, as the case may be. This right is in addition to any voting rights that may be provided in the applicable certificate of designation.

 

Our board of directors may authorize the issuance of preferred stock with voting or conversion rights that could adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of our common stock or other securities. Preferred stock could be issued quickly with terms designed to delay or prevent a change in control of our company or make removal of management more difficult. Additionally, the issuance of preferred stock may have the effect of decreasing the market price of our common stock.

 

Anti-Takeover Considerations and Special Provisions of Our Certificate of Incorporation, Our Bylaws and the Delaware General Corporation Law

 

Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws

 

A number of provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws concern matters of corporate governance and the rights of our stockholders. Provisions that grant our board of directors the ability to issue shares of preferred stock and to set the voting rights, preferences and other terms thereof may discourage takeover attempts that are not first approved by our board of directors, including takeovers that may be considered by some stockholders to be in their best interests, such as those attempts that might result in a premium over the market price for the shares held by stockholders. Certain provisions could delay or impede the removal of incumbent directors even if such removal would be beneficial to our stockholders, such as the classification of our board of directors and the lack of cumulative voting. Since our board of directors has the power to retain and discharge our officers, these provisions could also make it more difficult for existing stockholders or another party to effect a change in management.

 

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These provisions may have the effect of deterring hostile takeovers or delaying changes in our control or in our management. These provisions are intended to enhance the likelihood of continued stability in the composition of our board of directors and in the policies they implement and to discourage certain types of transactions that may involve an actual or threatened change of our control. These provisions are designed to reduce our vulnerability to an unsolicited acquisition proposal. The provisions also are intended to discourage certain tactics that may be used in proxy fights. However, such provisions could have the effect of discouraging others from making tender offers for our shares and, as a consequence, they also may inhibit fluctuations in the market price of our shares that could result from actual or rumored takeover attempts.

 

These provisions also could discourage or make more difficult a merger, tender offer or proxy contest, even if they could be favorable to the interests of stockholders, and could potentially depress the market price of our common stock. Our board of directors believes that these provisions are appropriate to protect our interests and the interests of our stockholders.

 

Classification of Board; No Cumulative Voting. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide for our board of directors to be divided into three classes, with staggered three-year terms. Only one class of directors is elected at each annual meeting of our stockholders, with the other classes continuing for the remainder of their respective three-year terms. Because our stockholders do not have cumulative voting rights, our stockholders representing a majority of the shares of common stock outstanding will be able to elect all of our directors due to be elected at each annual meeting of our stockholders.

 

Meetings of and Actions by Stockholders. Our bylaws provide that annual meetings of our stockholders may take place at the time and place designated by our board of directors. A special meeting of our stockholders may be called at any time by our board of directors, the chairman of our board of directors or the president. Our bylaws provide that (i) our board of directors can fix separate record dates for determining stockholders entitled to receive notice of a stockholder meeting and for determining stockholders entitled to vote at the meeting; (ii) we may hold a stockholder meeting by means of remote communications; (iii) any stockholder seeking to have the stockholders authorize or take corporate action by written consent shall, by written notice to the secretary of the Company, request that the board fix a record date and the board shall adopt a resolution fixing the record date in all events within ten calendar days after a request is received; and (iv) a written consent of stockholders shall not be effective unless a written consent signed by a sufficient number of stockholders to take such action is received by us within 60 calendar days of the earliest dated written consent received.

 

Advance Notice Requirements for Stockholder Proposals and Director Nominations. Our bylaws provide that stockholders seeking to bring business before an annual meeting of stockholders or to nominate candidates for election as directors at an annual meeting of stockholders must provide timely notice in writing. To be timely, a stockholder’s notice must be delivered to, or mailed and received by, the secretary of the Company at our principal executive offices not later than the close of business on the 90th calendar day, nor earlier than the close of business on the 120th calendar day in advance of the date specified in the Company’s proxy statement released to stockholders in connection with the previous year’s annual meeting of stockholders. If the date of the annual meeting is more than 30 calendar days before or after such anniversary date, notice by the stockholder to be timely must be so not earlier than the close of business on the 120th calendar day in advance of such date of annual meeting and not later than the close of business on the later of the 90th calendar day in advance of such date of annual meeting or the tenth calendar day following the date on which public announcement of the date of the meeting is made. In no event shall the public announcement of an adjournment or postponement of an annual meeting commence a new time period (or extend any time period) for the giving of an advance notice by any stockholder. Any stockholder that proposes director nominations or other business must be a stockholder of record at the time the advance notice is delivered by such stockholder to us and entitled to vote at the meeting. Our bylaws also specify requirements as to the form and content of a stockholder’s notice. These provisions may preclude stockholders from bringing matters before an annual meeting of stockholders or from making nominations for the election of directors at an annual meeting of stockholders. Unless otherwise required by law, any director nomination or other business shall not be made or transacted if the stockholder (or a qualified representative of the stockholder) does not appear at the meeting to present the director nominee or other proposed business.

 

Filling of Board Vacancies. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws provide that the authorized size of our board of directors shall be determined by the board by board resolution from time to time and that our board of directors has the exclusive power to fill any vacancies and newly created directorships resulting from any increase in the authorized number of directors and the stockholders do not have the power to fill such vacancies. Vacancies in our board of directors and newly created directorships resulting from any increase in the authorized number of directors on our board of directors may be filled by a majority of the directors remaining in office, even though that number may be less than a quorum of our board of directors, or by a sole remaining director. A director so elected to fill a vacancy shall serve for the remaining term of the predecessor he or she replaced and until his or her successor is elected and has qualified, or until his or her earlier resignation, removal or death.

 

Amendment of the Certificate of Incorporation. Our certificate of incorporation may be amended, altered, changed or repealed at a meeting of our stockholders entitled to vote thereon by the affirmative vote of a majority of the outstanding stock entitled to vote thereon and a majority of the outstanding stock of each class entitled to vote thereon as a class, in the manner prescribed by the DGCL.

 

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Amendment of the Bylaws. Our bylaws may be amended or repealed, or new bylaws may be adopted, by either our board of directors or the affirmative vote of at least 66 2/3 percent of the voting power of our outstanding shares of capital stock.

 

Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law

 

We are subject to Section 203 of the DGCL, which prohibits a Delaware corporation from engaging in any business combination with any interested stockholder for a period of three years after the date that such stockholder became an interested stockholder, with the following exceptions:

 

  before such date, the board of directors of the corporation approved either the business combination or the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder;
     
  upon completion of the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85 percent of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction began, excluding for purposes of determining the voting stock outstanding (but not the outstanding voting stock owned by the interested stockholder) those shares owned (i) by persons who are directors and also officers and (ii) pursuant to employee stock plans in which employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer; and
     
  on or after such date, the business combination is approved by the board of directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of the stockholders, and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least 66 2/3 percent of the outstanding voting stock that is not owned by the interested stockholder.

 

In general, Section 203 defines a business combination to include the following:

 

  any merger or consolidation involving the corporation and the interested stockholder;
     
  any sale, lease, transfer, pledge or other disposition of ten percent or more of the assets of the corporation to or with the interested stockholder;
     
  subject to certain exceptions, any transaction that results in the issuance or transfer by the corporation of any stock of the corporation to the interested stockholder;
     
  any transaction involving the corporation that has the effect of increasing the proportionate share of the stock or any class or series of the corporation beneficially owned by the interested stockholder; and
     
  the receipt by the interested stockholder of the benefit of any loss, advances, guarantees, pledges or other financial benefits by or through the corporation.

 

In general, Section 203 of the DGCL defines an “interested stockholder” as an entity or person who, together with the entity’s or person’s affiliates and associates, beneficially owns, or is an affiliate of the corporation and within three years prior to the time of determination of interested stockholder status did own, 15 percent or more of the outstanding voting stock of the corporation.

 

A Delaware corporation may “opt out” of these provisions with an express provision in its certificate of incorporation. We have not opted out of these provisions, which may as a result, discourage or prevent mergers or other takeover or change of control attempts of us.

 

Transfer Agent and Registrar

 

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC (AST), located at 6201 15th Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11219. AST’s phone number is (800) 937-5449.

 

NASDAQ Capital Market Listing

 

Our common stock is listed on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “CLSN.”

 

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DESCRIPTION OF DEBT SECURITIES

 

We may issue debt securities from time to time, in one or more series, as senior, subordinated or junior subordinated, convertible or non-convertible and secured or unsecured debt. Any senior debt securities will rank equally with any unsubordinated debt. Subordinated debt securities will rank equally with any other subordinated debt of the same ranking we may issue. Convertible debt securities will be convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock or other securities at predetermined conversion rates, and conversion may be mandatory or at the holder’s option.

 

Debt securities will be issued under one or more indentures-contracts between us and a national banking association or other eligible party acting as trustee. Following is a summary of certain general features of debt securities we may issue; we will describe the particular terms of any debt securities that we may offer in more detail in the applicable prospectus supplement, which may differ from the terms we describe below. You should read the prospectus supplements, any free writing prospectus we may authorize and the indentures, supplemental indentures and forms of debt securities relating to any series of debt securities we may offer.

 

General. Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, the relevant indenture will provide that debt securities may be issued from time to time in one or more series. The indenture will not limit the amount of debt securities that may be issued thereunder and will provide that the specific terms of any series of debt securities shall be set forth in, or determined pursuant to, an authorizing resolution, an officers’ certificate or a supplemental indenture, if any, relating to such series.

 

We will describe in each prospectus supplement the following terms relating to any series of debt securities:

 

  the title or designation;
     
  whether they will be secured or unsecured, and the terms of any security;
     
  whether the debt securities will be subject to subordination, and any terms thereof;
     
  any limit upon the aggregate principal amount;
     
  the date or dates on which the debt securities may be issued and on which we will pay the principal;
     
  the interest rate, which may be fixed or variable, or the method for determining the rate, the date interest will begin to accrue, the date or dates interest will be payable and the record dates for interest payment dates or the method for determining them;
     
  the manner in which the amounts of payment of principal of, premium or interest on the debt securities will be determined, if these amounts may be determined by reference to an index based on a currency or currencies other than that in which the debt securities are denominated or designated to be payable or by reference to a commodity, commodity index, stock exchange index or financial index;
     
  the currency of denomination;
     
  if payments of principal of, premium or interest will be made in one or more currencies or currency units other than that or those in which the debt securities are denominated, the manner in which the exchange rate with respect to these payments will be determined;
     
  the place or places where the principal of, premium, and interest will be payable, where debt securities of any series may be presented for registration of transfer, exchange or conversion, and where notices and demands to or upon the Company in respect of the debt securities may be made;
     
  the form of consideration in which principal of, premium or interest will be paid;
     
  the terms and conditions upon which we may redeem the debt securities;
     
  any obligation we have to redeem or purchase the debt securities pursuant to any sinking fund, amortization or analogous provisions or at the option of a holder;
     
  the dates on which and the price or prices at which we will repurchase the debt securities at the option of holders and other detailed terms and provisions of these obligations;
     
  the denominations in which the debt securities will be issued, if other than denominations of $1,000 and any integral multiple thereof;

 

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  the portion of principal amount payable upon declaration of acceleration of the maturity date, if other than the principal amount;
     
  whether the debt securities are to be issued at any original issuance discount and the amount of discount with which they may be issued;
     
  whether the debt securities will be issued in certificated or global form and, in such case, the depositary and the terms and conditions, if any, upon which interests in such global security or securities may be exchanged in whole or in part for the individual securities represented thereby;
     
  provisions, if any, for defeasance in whole or in part and any addition or change to provisions related to satisfaction and discharge;
     
  the form of the debt securities;
     
  the terms and conditions upon which convertible debt securities will be convertible or exchangeable into securities or property of the Company or another person, if at all, and any additions or changes, if any, to permit or facilitate the same;
     
  provisions, if any, granting special rights to holders upon the occurrence of specified events;
     
  any restriction or condition on transferability;
     
  any addition or change in the provisions related to compensation and reimbursement of the trustee;
     
  any addition to or change in the events of default described in this prospectus or in the indenture and any change in the acceleration provisions so described;
     
  whether the debt securities will restrict our ability to pay dividends, or will require us to maintain any asset ratios or reserves;
     
  whether we will be restricted from incurring any additional indebtedness;
     
  any addition to or change in the covenants described in this prospectus or in the indenture, including terms of any restrictive covenants; and
     
  any other terms which may modify or delete any provision of the indenture.

 

We may issue debt securities that provide for an amount less than their stated principal amount to be due and payable upon declaration of acceleration of their maturity pursuant to the terms of the indenture. We will provide you with information on the U.S. federal income tax considerations and other special considerations applicable to any debt securities in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

Conversion or Exchange Rights. We will set forth in the prospectus supplement the terms, if any, on which a series of debt securities may be convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock or other securities. We will include provisions as to whether conversion or exchange is mandatory, at the option of the holder or at our option. We may include provisions pursuant to which the number of shares of our common stock or other securities that the holders of debt securities receive would be subject to adjustment.

 

Consolidation, Merger or Sale; No Protection in Event of a Change of Control or Highly Leveraged Transaction. Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, the indenture will provide that we may not merge or consolidate with or into another entity, or sell other than for cash or lease all or substantially all our assets to another entity, or purchase all or substantially all the assets of another entity unless we are the surviving entity or, if we are not the surviving entity, the successor, transferee or lessee entity expressly assumes all of our obligations under the indenture or the debt securities, as appropriate.

 

Unless we state otherwise in the applicable prospectus supplement, the debt securities will not contain any provisions that may afford holders additional protection in the event we have a change of control or in the event of a highly leveraged transaction (whether or not such transaction results in a change of control), which could adversely affect them.

 

Events of Default Under the Indenture. Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, the following will be events of default under the indenture with respect to any series of debt securities that we may issue:

 

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  if we fail to pay interest when due and our failure continues for 90 days and the time for payment has not been extended or deferred;
     
  if we fail to pay the principal, or premium, if any, when due whether by maturity or called for redemption;
     
  if we fail to pay a sinking fund installment, if any, when due and our failure continues for 30 days;
     
  if we fail to observe or perform any other covenant relating to the debt securities, other than a covenant specifically relating to and for the benefit of holders of another series of debt securities, and our failure continues for 90 days after we receive written notice from the debenture trustee or holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding series; and
     
  if specified events of bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization occur as to the Company.

 

No event of default with respect to a particular series of debt securities (except as to certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization) will necessarily constitute an event of default with respect to any other series. The occurrence of an event of default may constitute an event of default under any bank credit agreements we may have in existence from time to time. In addition, the occurrence of certain events of default or an acceleration under the indenture may constitute an event of default under certain of our other indebtedness outstanding from time to time.

 

Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, if an event of default with respect to debt securities of any series at the time outstanding occurs and is continuing, then the trustee or the holders of not less than a majority in principal amount of the outstanding series may, by a notice in writing to us (and to the debenture trustee if given by the holders), declare to be due and payable immediately the principal (or, if the debt securities are discount securities, that portion of the principal amount as may be specified in the terms of such securities) of and premium and accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on all such debt securities. Before a judgment or decree for payment of the money due has been obtained with respect to any series, the holders of a majority in principal amount of that series (or, at a meeting of holders at which a quorum is present, the holders of a majority in principal amount represented at such meeting) may rescind and annul the acceleration if all events of default, other than the non-payment of accelerated principal, premium, if any, and interest, if any, have been cured or waived as provided in the applicable indenture (including payments or deposits in respect of principal, premium or interest that had become due other than as a result of such acceleration) and the Company has deposited with the indenture trustee or paying agent a sum sufficient to pay all amounts owed to the indenture trustee under the indenture, all arrears of interest, if any, and the principal and premium, if any, on the debt securities that have become due other than by such acceleration. We refer you to the relevant prospectus supplement relating to any discount securities for the particular provisions relating to acceleration of a portion of the principal amount thereof upon the occurrence of an event of default.

 

Subject to the terms of the indenture, and except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, if an event of default under the indenture shall occur and be continuing, the debenture trustee will be under no obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers under such indenture at the request or direction of any of the holders of the applicable series, unless such holders have offered the debenture trustee reasonable indemnity. The holders of a majority in principal amount of any series will have the right to direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the debenture trustee, or exercising any trust or power conferred on the debenture trustee, with respect to that series, provided that, subject to the terms of the indenture, the debenture trustee need not take any action that it believes, upon the advice of counsel, might involve it in personal liability or might be unduly prejudicial to holders not involved in the proceeding.

 

Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, a holder of the debt securities of any series will only have the right to institute a proceeding under the indenture or to appoint a receiver or trustee, or to seek other remedies if:

 

  the holder previously has given written notice to the debenture trustee of a continuing event of default with respect to that series;
     
  the holders of at least a majority in aggregate principal amount outstanding of that series have made written request, and such holders have offered reasonable indemnity to the debenture trustee to institute the proceeding as trustee; and
     
  the debenture trustee does not institute the proceeding and does not receive from the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount outstanding of that series (or at a meeting of holders at which a quorum is present, the holders of a majority in principal amount of such series represented at such meeting) other conflicting directions within 60 days after the notice, request and offer.

 

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Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, these limitations will not apply to a suit instituted by a holder of debt securities if we default in the payment of the principal, premium, if any, or interest on, them.

 

We will periodically file statements with the applicable debenture trustee regarding our compliance with specified covenants in the applicable indenture.

 

Modification of Indenture; Waiver. Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, the debenture trustee and the Company may, without the consent of any holders, execute a supplemental indenture to change the applicable indenture with respect to specific matters, including, among other things:

 

  to surrender any right or power conferred upon the Company;
     
  to provide, change or eliminate any restrictions on payment of principal of or premium, if any; provided that any such action shall not adversely affect the interests of the holders of debt securities of any series in any material respect;
     
  to change or eliminate any of the provisions of the indenture; provided that any such change or elimination shall become effective only when there is no outstanding debt security created prior to the execution of such supplemental indenture that is entitled to the benefit of such provision and as to which such supplemental indenture would apply;
     
  to evidence the succession of another entity to the Company;
     
  to evidence and provide for the acceptance of appointment by a successor trustee with respect to one or more series of debt securities and to add or change provisions of the indenture to facilitate the administration of the trusts thereunder by more than one trustee;
     
  to cure any ambiguity, mistake, manifest error, omission, defect or inconsistency in the indenture or to conform the text of any provision in the indenture or in any supplemental indenture to any description thereof in the applicable section of a prospectus, prospectus supplement or other offering document that was intended to be a verbatim recitation of a provision of the indenture or of any supplemental indenture;
     
  to add to or change or eliminate any provision of the indenture as shall be necessary or desirable in accordance with any amendments to the U.S. Trust Indenture Act of 1939;
     
  to make any change in any series of debt securities that does not adversely affect in any material respect the interests of the holders thereof; and
     
  to supplement any of the provisions of the indenture to such extent as shall be necessary to permit or facilitate the defeasance and discharge of any series of debt securities; provided that any such action shall not adversely affect the interests of holders of any debt securities.

 

In addition, and except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, under the indenture the rights of holders of a series of debt securities may be changed by us and the debenture trustee with the written consent of the holders of at least a majority in aggregate principal amount outstanding (or, at a meeting of holders of such series at which a quorum is present, the holders of a majority in principal amount represented at such meeting) that is affected. The debenture trustee and the Company may, however, make the following changes only with the consent of each holder of any outstanding debt securities affected:

 

  extending the fixed maturity;
     
  reducing the principal amount, reducing the rate of or extending the time of payment of interest, or any premium payable upon redemption;
     
  reducing the principal amount of discount securities payable upon acceleration of maturity;
     
  making the principal of or premium or interest payable in currency other than that stated;
     
  impairing the right to institute suit for the enforcement of any payment on or after the fixed maturity date;
     
  materially adversely affecting the economic terms of any right to convert or exchange; and
     
  reducing the percentage of debt securities, the holders of which are required to consent to any amendment or waiver; or modifying, without the written consent of the trustee, the rights, duties or immunities of the trustee.

 

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Except for certain specified provisions, and except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, the holders of at least a majority in principal amount of any series (or, at a meeting of holders of such series at which a quorum is present, the holders of a majority in principal amount represented at such meeting) may, on behalf of the holders of all debt securities of that series, waive our compliance with provisions of the indenture. The holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of any series may, on behalf of all such holders, waive any past default under the indenture with respect to that series and its consequences, other than a default in the payment of the principal of, premium or any interest; provided, however, that the holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of any series may rescind an acceleration and its consequences, including any related payment default that resulted from the acceleration.

 

Discharge. Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, the indenture will provide that we can elect to be discharged from our obligations with respect to one or more series of debt securities. In order to exercise our rights to be discharged, we must deposit with the trustee money or government obligations sufficient to pay all the principal of, the premium, if any, and interest on, the debt securities of the affected series on the dates payments are due.

 

Form, Exchange and Transfer. Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, we will issue debt securities only in fully registered form without coupons and, unless we otherwise specify in the applicable prospectus supplement, in denominations of $1,000 and any integral multiple thereof. Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, the indenture will provide that we may issue debt securities in temporary or permanent global form and as book-entry securities that will be deposited with a depositary named by us and identified in a prospectus supplement with respect to that series.

 

At the option of the holder, subject to the terms of the indenture and the limitations applicable to global securities described in the applicable prospectus supplement, the holder will be able to exchange the debt securities for other debt securities of the same series, in any authorized denomination and of like tenor and aggregate principal amount.

 

Subject to the terms of the indenture and the limitations applicable to global securities set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement, holders may present the debt securities for exchange or for registration of transfer, duly endorsed or with the form of transfer endorsed thereon duly executed if so required by us or the security registrar, at the office of the security registrar or at the office of any transfer agent designated by us for this purpose. Unless otherwise provided in the debt securities or the indenture, we will make no service charge for any registration of transfer or exchange, but we may require payment of any taxes or other governmental charges.

 

We will name in the applicable prospectus supplement the security registrar, and any transfer agent in addition to the security registrar, that we initially designate for any debt securities. We may at any time designate additional transfer agents or rescind the designation of any transfer agent or approve a change in the office through which any transfer agent acts, except that we will be required to maintain a transfer agent in each place of payment for the debt securities of each series.

 

Except as we may otherwise provide in a prospectus supplement, if we elect to redeem the debt securities of any series, we will not be required to:

 

  issue, register the transfer of, or exchange any debt securities of that series during a period beginning at the opening of business 15 days before the day of mailing of a notice of redemption of any debt securities that may be selected for redemption and ending at the close of business on the day of the mailing; or
     
  register the transfer of or exchange any debt securities so selected for redemption, in whole or in part, except the unredeemed portion of any debt securities we are redeeming in part.

 

Information Concerning the Debenture Trustee. The debenture trustee, other than during the occurrence and continuance of an event of default under the indenture, will undertake to perform only those duties as are specifically set forth in the indenture. Upon an event of default, the debenture trustee must use the same degree of care as a prudent person would exercise or use in the conduct of his or her own affairs. Subject to this provision, the debenture trustee will be under no obligation to exercise any of the powers given it by the indenture at the request of any holder unless it is offered reasonable security and indemnity against the costs, expenses and liabilities that it might incur.

 

Payment and Paying Agents. Unless we otherwise indicate in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will make payment of interest on any interest payment date to the person in whose name the debt securities, or one or more predecessor securities, are registered at the close of business on the regular record date for the interest.

 

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Unless we otherwise indicate in the applicable prospectus supplement, we will pay principal of and any premium and interest at the office of the indenture trustee or, at the option of the Company, by check payable to the holder. Unless we otherwise indicate in a prospectus supplement, we will designate the corporate trust office of the debenture trustee our sole paying agent for payments. We will name in the applicable prospectus supplement any other paying agents that we initially designate. We will maintain a paying agent in each place of payment.

 

All money we pay to a paying agent or the debenture trustee for the payment of principal or any premium or interest which remains unclaimed at the end of two years after such principal, premium or interest has become due and payable will be repaid to us, and the holder of the security thereafter may look only to us for payment thereof.

 

Governing Law. The indenture and the debt securities will be governed and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York.

 

No Personal Liability of Directors, Officers, Employees and Stockholders. No incorporator, stockholder, employee, agent, officer, director or subsidiary of ours will have any liability for any obligations of ours or, due to the creation of any indebtedness under the debt securities, the indentures or supplemental indentures. The indentures provide that all such liability is expressly waived and released as a condition of, and as consideration for, the execution of such indentures and the issuance of the debt securities.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS, OTHER RIGHTS AND UNITS

 

We may from time to time issue warrants or other rights (together, Rights), in one or more series, for the purchase of common stock or preferred stock. We may issue Rights independently or together with such securities, and such Rights may be attached to or separate from them. Rights will be evidenced by a Rights certificate issued under one or more Rights agreements between us and a Rights agent which will act solely as our agent in connection with the Rights and will not have any obligation or relationship of agency or trust for or with any holders or beneficial owners of Rights. We may issue securities in units (Units), each consisting of two or more types of securities. For example, we might issue Units consisting of a combination of common stock and warrants to purchase common stock. If we issue Units, the prospectus supplement relating to the Units will contain the information described above with regard to each of the securities that is a component of the Units. In addition, the prospectus supplement relating to the Units will describe the terms of any Units we issue. The forms of any such certificates and agreements will be filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part by amendment thereof or as exhibits to a Current Report on Form 8-K incorporated herein by reference, and the accompanying prospectus supplement and such forms may add, update or change the terms and conditions of the Rights or Units described in this prospectus. You should read the prospectus supplements, Rights agreements and Rights certificates that contain the terms of the Rights in their entirety.

 

The particular terms of each issue of Rights or Units will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement, including, as applicable:

 

  the title of the Rights or Units;
     
  any initial offering price;
     
  the title, aggregate principal amount or number and terms of the securities purchasable upon exercise of the Rights;
     
  the principal amount or number of securities purchasable upon exercise of each Right and the price at which that principal amount or number may be purchased upon exercise of each Right;
     
  the currency or currency units in which any offering price and any exercise price are payable;
     
  the title and terms of any related securities with which the Rights are issued and the number of the Rights issued with each security;
     
  any date on and after which the Rights or Units and the related securities will be separately transferable;
     
  any minimum or maximum number of Rights that may be exercised at any one time;
     
  the date on which the right to exercise the Rights will commence and the date on which the right will expire;
     
  a discussion of U.S. federal income tax, accounting or other considerations applicable to the Rights or Units;
     
  whether the Rights represented by the Rights certificates, if applicable, will be issued in registered or bearer form and, if registered, where they may be transferred and registered;
     
  any anti-dilution provisions of the Rights or Units;
     
  any redemption or call provisions applicable to the Rights;
     
  any provisions for changes to or adjustments in the exercise price of any Rights; and
     
  any additional terms of the Rights or Units, including terms, procedures and limitations relating to exchange and exercise of the Rights or Units.

 

Rights certificates will be exchangeable for new Rights certificates of different denominations and, if in registered form, may be presented for registration of transfer, and Rights may be exercised, at the corporate trust office of the Rights agent or any other office indicated in the related prospectus supplement. Before the exercise of Rights, holders of Rights will not be entitled to payments of any dividends, principal, premium or interest on securities purchasable upon exercise of the Rights, to vote, consent or receive any notice as a holder of and in respect of any such securities or to enforce any covenants in any indenture, or to exercise any other rights whatsoever as a holder of securities purchasable upon exercise of the Rights.

 

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SELLING STOCKHOLDER

 

This prospectus covers an aggregate of up to 190,114 shares of our common stock that may be sold or otherwise disposed of by the selling stockholder. Such shares are issuable to the selling stockholder upon the exercise of the Warrants we issued to the selling stockholder.

 

The following table sets forth certain information with respect to the selling stockholder, including (i) the shares of our common stock beneficially owned by the selling stockholder prior to this offering, (ii) the number of shares being offered by the selling stockholder pursuant to this prospectus and (iii) the selling stockholder’s beneficial ownership after completion of this offering, assuming that all of the shares covered hereby (but none of the other shares, if any, held by the selling stockholder) are sold.

 

The table is based on information supplied to us by the selling stockholder, with beneficial ownership and percentage ownership determined in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC and includes voting or investment power with respect to shares of stock. This information does not necessarily indicate beneficial ownership for any other purpose. In computing the number of shares beneficially owned by a selling stockholder and the percentage ownership of that selling stockholder, shares of common stock subject to warrants held by that selling stockholder that are exercisable as of September 6, 2018, or exercisable within 60 days after September 6, 2018, are deemed outstanding. Such shares, however, are not deemed outstanding for the purposes of computing the percentage ownership of any other person. The percentage of beneficial ownership after this offering is based on 17,911,120 shares outstanding on September 6, 2018.

 

The registration of these shares of common stock does not mean that the selling stockholder will sell or otherwise dispose of all or any of those securities. The selling stockholder may sell or otherwise dispose of all, a portion or none of such shares from time to time. We do not know the number of shares, if any, that will be offered for sale or other disposition by any of the selling stockholder under this prospectus. Furthermore, the selling stockholder may have sold, transferred or disposed of the shares of common stock covered hereby in transactions exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act since the date on which we filed this prospectus.

 

To our knowledge and except as noted below, the selling stockholder has not, or within the past three years has not, any position, office or other material relationship with us or any of our predecessors or affiliates

 

  

Beneficial Ownership

Before This Offering

           Beneficial Ownership After This Offering 
Selling Stockholder(1) 

Number of Shares

Owned

  

Shares Offered

Hereby

  

Shares Underlying

Warrants Offered

Hereby(3)

  

Number of Shares

Owned

  

Percentage of

Outstanding Shares

 
Horizon Technology Finance Corporation (2)   -    -    190,114    -    - 

 

(1) This table and the information in the notes below are based upon information supplied by the selling stockholder, including reports and amendments thereto filed with the SEC on Schedule 13G.
   
(2) The address of the principal business office of Horizon Technology Finance Corporation is 312 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06032.
   
(3) The actual number of shares of common stock offered hereby and included in the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part includes, in accordance with Rule 416 under the Securities Act, such indeterminate number of additional shares of our common stock as may become issuable in connection with any proportionate adjustment for any stock splits, stock combinations, stock dividends, recapitalizations or similar events with respect to common stock.

 

 24  
 

 

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

 

Celsion Corporation’s Plan of Distribution

 

We may sell the securities, from time to time, to or through underwriters or dealers, through agents or remarketing firms, or directly to one or more purchasers pursuant to:

 

  underwritten public offerings;
     
  negotiated transactions;
     
  block trades;
     
  “At the Market Offerings,” within the meaning of Rule 415(a)(4) of the Securities Act, into an existing trading market, at prevailing market prices; or
     
  through a combination of these methods.

 

We may distribute securities from time to time in one or more transactions:

 

  at a fixed price or prices, which may be changed;
     
  at market prices prevailing at the time of sale;
     
  at prices related to such prevailing market prices; or
     
  at negotiated prices.

 

A prospectus supplement or supplements will describe the terms of the offering of the securities, including:

 

  the name or names of the underwriters, if any;
     
  if the securities are to be offered through the selling efforts of brokers or dealers, the plan of distribution and the terms of any agreement, arrangement, or understanding entered into with broker(s) or dealer(s) prior to the effective date of the registration statement, and, if known, the identity of any broker(s) or dealer(s) who will participate in the offering and the amount to be offered through each;
     
  the purchase price of the securities and the proceeds we will receive from the sale;
     
  if any of the securities being registered are to be offered otherwise than for cash, the general purposes of the distribution, the basis upon which the securities are to be offered, the amount of compensation and other expenses of distribution, and by whom they are to be borne;
     
  any delayed delivery arrangements;
     
  any over-allotment options under which underwriters may purchase additional securities from us;
     
  any agency fees or underwriting discounts and other items constituting agents’ or underwriters’ compensation;
     
  any public offering price;
     
  any discounts, commissions or commissions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers;
     
  the identity and relationships of any finders, if applicable; and
     
  any securities exchange or market on which the securities may be listed.

 

Only underwriters named in the prospectus supplement will be underwriters of the securities offered by the prospectus supplement.

 

 25  
 

 

If underwriters are used in the sale, they will acquire the securities for their own account and may resell the securities from time to time in one or more transactions at a fixed public offering price or at varying prices determined at the time of sale. The obligations of the underwriters to purchase the securities will be subject to the conditions set forth in the applicable underwriting agreement. We may offer the securities to the public through underwriting syndicates represented by managing underwriters or by underwriters without a syndicate. Unless otherwise indicated in the prospectus supplement, subject to certain conditions, the underwriters will be obligated to purchase all of the securities offered by the prospectus supplement, other than securities covered by any over-allotment option. Any public offering price and any discounts or concessions allowed or reallowed or paid to dealers may change from time to time. We may use underwriters with whom we have a material relationship. We will describe in the prospectus supplement, naming the underwriter, the nature of any such relationship.

 

We may use a remarketing firm to offer the securities in connection with a remarketing arrangement upon their purchase. Remarketing firms will act as principals for their own account or as agents for us. These remarketing firms will offer or sell the securities pursuant to the terms of the securities. A prospectus supplement will identify any remarketing firm and the terms of its agreement, if any, with us and will describe the remarketing firm’s compensation. Remarketing firms may be deemed to be underwriters in connection the securities they remarket.

 

If we offer and sell securities through a dealer, we or an underwriter will sell the securities to the dealer, as principal. The dealer may resell the securities to the public at varying prices to be determined by the dealer at the time of resale. Any such dealer may be deemed to be an underwriter of the securities offered and sold. The name of the dealer and the terms of the transaction will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

We may sell securities directly or through agents we designate from time to time. We will name any agent involved in the offering and sale of securities and we will describe any commissions we will pay the agent in the prospectus supplement. Unless the prospectus supplement states otherwise, our agent will act on a best-efforts basis for the period of its appointment.

 

We may sell securities directly to one or more purchasers without using underwriters or agents. Underwriters, dealers and agents that participate in the distribution of the securities may be underwriters as defined in the Securities Act, and any discounts or commissions they receive from us and any profit on their resale of the securities may be treated as underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act.

 

We may authorize agents or underwriters to solicit offers by certain types of institutional investors to purchase securities from us at the public offering price set forth in the prospectus supplement pursuant to delayed delivery contracts providing for payment and delivery on a specified date in the future. We will describe the conditions to these contracts and the commissions we must pay for solicitation of these contracts in the prospectus supplement.

 

We may provide agents and underwriters with indemnification against civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or contribution with respect to payments that the agents or underwriters may make with respect to these liabilities. Agents and underwriters may engage in transactions with, or perform services for, us in the ordinary course of business.

 

We may offer new issues of securities with no established trading market. Any underwriters may make a market in these securities, but will not be obligated to do so and may discontinue any market making at any time without notice. We cannot guarantee the liquidity of the trading markets for any securities.

 

Any underwriter may engage in over-allotment, stabilizing transactions, short-covering transactions and penalty bids in accordance with Regulation M under the Exchange Act. Over-allotment involves sales in excess of the offering size, which create a short position. Stabilizing transactions permit bids to purchase the underlying security so long as the stabilizing bids do not exceed a specified maximum price. Syndicate-covering or other short-covering transactions involve purchases of the securities, either through exercise of the over-allotment option or in the open market after the distribution is completed, to cover short positions. Penalty bids permit the underwriters to reclaim a selling concession from a dealer when the securities originally sold by the dealer are purchased in a stabilizing or covering transaction to cover short positions. Those activities may cause the price of the securities to be higher than it would otherwise be. If commenced, the underwriters may discontinue any of the activities at any time.

 

Any underwriters that are qualified market makers on The NASDAQ Capital Market may engage in passive market making transactions in the common stock on The NASDAQ Capital Market in accordance with Regulation M under the Exchange Act, during the business day prior to the pricing of the offering, before the commencement of offers or sales of the common stock. Passive market makers must comply with applicable volume and price limitations and must be identified as passive market makers. In general, a passive market maker must display its bid at a price not in excess of the highest independent bid for such security; if all independent bids are lowered below the passive market maker’s bid, however, the passive market maker’s bid must then be lowered when certain purchase limits are exceeded. Passive market making may stabilize the market price of the securities at a level above that which might otherwise prevail in the open market and, if commenced, may be discontinued at any time.

 

 26  
 

 

Selling Stockholder’s Plan of Distribution

 

The selling stockholder, including its transferees, donees, pledgees, assignees and successors-in-interest, may sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of any or all of the shares of common stock offered by this prospectus from time to time on The NASDAQ Capital Market or any other stock exchange, market or trading facility on which the shares are traded or in private transactions. These dispositions may be at fixed prices, at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices related to prevailing market price or at negotiated prices. The selling stockholder may use any one or more of the following methods when selling shares:

 

  ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker-dealer solicits purchasers;
     
 

block trades in which the broker-dealer will attempt to sell the shares as agent but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;

     
  purchases by a broker-dealer as principal and resale by the broker-dealer for its account;
     
  an exchange distribution in accordance with the rules of the applicable exchange;
     
  privately negotiated transactions;
     
 

broker-dealers may agree with the selling stockholder to sell a specified number of such shares at a stipulated price per share;

     
  a combination of any such methods of sale;
     
 

through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transactions, whether through an options exchange or otherwise; or

     
  any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.

 

The selling stockholder may also sell shares under Rule 144 under the Securities Act, if available, rather than under this prospectus.

 

Broker-dealers engaged by the selling stockholder may arrange for other brokers-dealers to participate in sales. Broker-dealers may receive commissions or discounts from the selling stockholder or, if any broker-dealer acts as agent for the purchaser of shares, from the purchaser in amounts to be negotiated. The selling stockholder does not expect these commissions and discounts relating to its sales of shares to exceed what is customary in the types of transactions involved.

 

The selling stockholder may enter into hedging transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions, which may in turn engage in short sales of the common stock in the course of hedging the positions they assume. The selling stockholder may also sell shares of our common stock short and deliver these securities to close out its short positions, or loan or pledge the common stock to broker-dealers that in turn may sell these securities. The selling stockholder may also enter into option or other transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions or the creation of one or more derivative securities which require the delivery to such broker-dealer or other financial institution of shares offered by this prospectus, which shares such broker-dealer or other financial institution may resell pursuant to this prospectus, as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction.

 

The selling stockholder and any broker-dealers or agents that are involved in selling the shares may be deemed to be “underwriters” within the meaning of the Securities Act in connection with such sales. In such event, any commissions received by such broker-dealers or agents and any profit on the resale of the shares purchased by them may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts under the Securities Act. Each selling stockholder has informed us that it does not have any agreement or understanding, directly or indirectly, with any person to distribute the common stock.

 

Because the selling stockholder may be deemed to be an “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act, it will be subject to the prospectus delivery requirements of the Securities Act. In addition, any securities covered by this prospectus which qualify for sale pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act may be sold under Rule 144 rather than under this prospectus. The selling stockholder had advised us that there is no underwriter or coordinating broker acting in connection with the proposed sale of the resale securities by the selling stockholder.

 

The shares will be sold only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers if required under applicable state securities laws. In addition, in certain states, the shares may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicable state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.

 

 27  
 

 

Under applicable rules and regulations under the Exchange Act, any person engaged in the distribution of the resale shares may not simultaneously engage in market making activities with respect to our common stock for the applicable restricted period, as defined in Regulation M, prior to the commencement of the distribution. In addition, the selling stockholder will be subject to applicable provisions of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder, including Regulation M, which may limit the timing of purchases and sales of shares of our common stock by the selling stockholder or any other person. We will make copies of this prospectus available to the selling stockholder and have informed the selling stockholder of the need to deliver a copy of this prospectus to each purchaser at or prior to the time of the sale (including by compliance with Rule 172 under the Securities Act).

 

We have agreed to use commercially reasonable efforts to keep the registration statement continuously effective at all times until (a) the warrant shares are sold under such registration statement or pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act, (b) the warrant shares may be sold without volume or manner-of-sale restrictions pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act, and (c) the five-year anniversary of the date of the issuance of the warrants, whichever is the earliest to occur. The shares will be sold only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers if required under applicable state securities laws. In addition, in certain states, the shares may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicable state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.

 

We are required to pay certain fees and expenses in connection with the registration of the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrant. We have agreed to indemnify the selling stockholder against certain losses, claims, damages and liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.

 

We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the shares by the selling stockholder.

 

 28  
 

 

LEGAL MATTERS

 

The validity of the securities being offered hereby will be passed upon by Sidley Austin LLP, Palo Alto, California. Additional legal matters may be passed upon for us or any underwriters, dealers or agents, by counsel that we will name in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 

EXPERTS

 

WithumSmith+Brown, PC (“Withum”), an independent registered public accounting firm, has audited our consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, as set forth in their report, which is incorporated by reference in this prospectus. Our financial statements are incorporated herein by reference in reliance on Withum’s report, given on their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.

 

Dixon Hughes Goodman LLP (“DHG”), an independent registered public accounting firm, has audited our consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, as set forth in their report, which is incorporated by reference in this prospectus. Our financial statements are incorporated herein by reference in reliance on DHG’s report, given on their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.

 

 29  
 

 

 

 

You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus. We have not authorized any dealer, broker, salesperson or any other person to provide you with information or to make any representations different from those contained in this prospectus or incorporated herein by reference. The information contained in this prospectus is accurate only as of the date of this prospectus, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or of any sale of the shares. This prospectus does not constitute an offer or solicitation by anyone in any jurisdiction in which such offer or solicitation is not authorized or in which the person making such offer is not qualified to do so or to anyone to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation.

 

$75,000,000

 

Common Stock

Preferred Stock

Debt Securities

Warrants

Rights

Units

and

190,114 Shares of Common Stock

Issuable upon Exercise of Outstanding Warrants

Offered by the Selling Stockholder

 

 

 

PROSPECTUS

 

 

 

, 2018

 

 
 

 

PART II

 

INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN THE PROSPECTUS

 

Item 14. Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution.

 

The following table sets forth the estimated costs and expenses, other than underwriting discounts and commissions, payable by the registrant in connection with the offering of the securities being registered.

 

SEC registration fee  $9,399.75 
FINRA fee  $11,825.00 
Accounting fees and expenses   * 
Legal fees and expenses   * 
Transfer agent and registrar fees   * 
Trustee fees (including counsel fees)   * 
Printing expenses   * 
Miscellaneous   * 
Total  $* 

 

*

These fees and expenses depend on the securities offered and the number of issuances and, accordingly, cannot be estimated at this time.

 

Item 15. Indemnification of Directors and Officers.

 

The Company is incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware. Our bylaws provide that we shall indemnify, to the maximum extent and in the manner permitted by the Delaware General Corporation Law, as amended (DGCL), our current and former directors and officers, and may indemnify our current and former employees and agents, against any and all expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines, settlements and other amounts actually and reasonably incurred in connection with any proceeding arising from their services in those capacities.

 

The DGCL provides that a Delaware corporation has the power generally to indemnify its current and former directors, officers, employees and other agents (each, a corporation agent) against expenses and liabilities, including amounts paid in settlement, in connection with any proceeding involving such person by reason of his being a corporation agent, other than a proceeding by or in the right of the corporation, if such person acted in good faith and in a manner he reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation and, with respect to any criminal proceeding, such person had no reasonable cause to believe his conduct was unlawful.

 

In the case of an action brought by or in the right of the corporation, indemnification of a corporation agent is permitted if such person acted in good faith and in a manner such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation. However, no indemnification is permitted in respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to the corporation, unless and only to the extent that the court in which such proceeding was brought shall determine upon application that despite the adjudication of liability, but in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to such indemnification.

 

To the extent that a corporation agent has been successful on the merits or otherwise in the defense of such proceeding, whether or not by or in the right of the corporation, or in the defense of any claim, issue or matter therein, the corporation is required to indemnify such person for expenses in connection therewith. Under the DGCL, the corporation may advance expenses incurred by a corporation agent in connection with a proceeding, provided that the corporation agent undertakes to repay such amount if it shall ultimately be determined that such person is not entitled to indemnification. Our certificate of incorporation requires us to advance expenses to any person entitled to indemnification, provided that such person undertakes to repay the advancement if it is determined in a final judicial decision from which there is no appeal that such person is not entitled to indemnification.

 

The power to indemnify and advance the expenses under the DGCL does not exclude other rights to which a corporation agent may be entitled to under our certificate of incorporation, by laws, agreement, vote of stockholders or disinterested directors or otherwise.

 

Our certificate of incorporation permits us to secure insurance on behalf of our directors, officers, employees and agents for any expense, liability or loss incurred in such capacities, whether or not the Company would have the power to indemnify such person against such liability under the provisions of the DGCL.

 

The purpose of these provisions is to assist us in retaining qualified individuals to serve as our directors, officers, employees and agents by limiting their exposure to personal liability for serving as such.

 

II-1
 

 

Item 16. Exhibits

 

EXHIBIT

NUMBER

  DESCRIPTION
     
1.1*   Form of Underwriting Agreement.
     
3.1 (i)   Certificate of Incorporation of Celsion Corporation (the Company), as amended, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the quarter ended June 30, 2004.
     
3.2 (i)   Certificate of Ownership and Merger of Celsion Corporation (a Maryland Corporation) into Celsion (Delaware) Corporation (inter alia, changing the Company’s name to “Celsion Corporation” from “Celsion (Delaware) Corporation”), incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1.3 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K of the Company for the year ended September 30, 2000.
     
3.3 (i)   Certificate of Amendment of the Certificate of Incorporation effective February 27, 2006, incorporated therein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K of the Company filed with the SEC on March 1, 2006.
     
3.4 (i)   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation effective October 28, 2013, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K of the Company filed with the SEC on October 29, 2013.
     
3.5 (i)   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation effective October 28, 2013, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K of the Registrant, filed with the Commission on October 29, 2013.
     
3.6 (i)   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation effective June 15, 2016, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K of the Registrant, filed with the Commission on June 15, 2016.
     
3.7 (i)   Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation, effective May 26, 2017, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K of the Registrant, filed with the Commission on May 26, 2017.
     
3.1 (ii)   Amended and Restated Bylaws of Celsion Corporation, dated November 27, 2011, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K of the Company filed with the SEC on December 1, 2011.
     
4.1   Form of Common Stock Certificate, par value $0.01, incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K of the Company for the year ended September 30, 2000.
     
4.2*   Specimen Preferred Stock Certificate and Form of Certificate of Designation of Preferred Stock.
     
4.3*   Form of Common Stock Warrant Agreement and Warrant Certificate.
     
4.4*   Form of Preferred Stock Warrant Agreement and Warrant Certificate.
     
4.5†   Form of Indenture (including form of Debt Securities).
     
4.6*   Form of Rights Agreement (including form of Rights).
     
5.1†   Opinion of Sidley Austin LLP.
     
23.1†   Consent of WithumSmith+Brown, PC.
     
23.2†   Consent of Dixon Hughes Goodman LLP.

 

II-2
 

 

23.3†   Consent of Sidley Austin LLP (included in Exhibit 5.1).
     
24.1†   Power of Attorney (included on the signature page hereto).
     
25.1††   Statement of Eligibility of Trustee on Form T-1.

 

* To be filed, if necessary, as an exhibit to a post-effective amendment to this registration statement or as an exhibit to a Current Report on Form 8-K to be filed by the registrant in connection with a specific offering, and incorporated herein by reference.
   
Filed herewith.
   
†† To be filed pursuant to Section 305(b)(2) of the U.S. Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as applicable.

 

II-3
 

 

Item 17. Undertakings.

 

(a) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:

 

  (1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:

 

  (i) To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;

 

  (ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in the volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than 20 percent change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and

 

  (iii) To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;

 

provided, however, that paragraphs (1)(i), (1)(ii) and (1)(iii) above do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 and Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement.

 

  (2) That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
     
   (3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
     
   (4) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser:

 

  (i) Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and
     
  (ii) Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5), or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii), or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by Section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however , that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.

 

  (5) That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities, the undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:

 

  (i) Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;
     
  (ii) Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;
     
  (iii) The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and
     
   (iv) Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.

 

(b) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of the securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
   
(c) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act of 1933 and is, therefore unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.
   
(d) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes to file an application for the purpose of determining the eligibility of the trustee to act under subsection (a) of Section 310 of the Trust Indenture Act in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Commission under Section 305(b)(2) of the Trust Indenture Act.

 

II-4
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of Lawrenceville, State of New Jersey, on September 7, 2018.

 

  CELSION CORPORATION
   
  By: /s/ Michael H. Tardugno
    Michael H. Tardugno
    Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer

 

POWER OF ATTORNEY

 

KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that the undersigned officers and directors of Celsion Corporation, a Delaware corporation, do hereby constitute and appoint Michael H. Tardugno as the lawful attorney-in-fact and agent with full power of substitution or re-substitution, with full power and authority to do any and all acts and things in our name and on our behalf in our capacities as officers and directors and to execute any and all instruments for us and in our names in the capacities indicated below which said attorney-in-fact and agent determines may be necessary or advisable or required to enable said corporation to comply with the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and any rules or regulation or requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with this registration statement. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing power and authority, the powers granted include the power and authority to sign the names of the undersigned officers and directors in the capacities indicated below to this registration statement, to any and all amendments, both pre-effective and post-effective, and supplements to this registration statement and to any and all instruments or documents filed as part of or in conjunction with this registration statement or amendments or supplements thereto, and each of the undersigned hereby ratifies and confirms all that said attorney-in-fact and agent shall do or cause to be done by virtue hereof. This power of attorney may be signed in several counterparts.

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, each of the undersigned has executed this Power of Attorney as of the date indicated.

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, this registration statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

SIGNATURE   TITLE   DATE
         
/s/ Michael H. Tardugno   Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)   September 7, 2018
Michael H. Tardugno        
         
/s/ Jeffrey W. Church  

Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)

  September 7, 2018 
Jeffrey W. Church      
         
/s/ Timothy J. Tumminello   Controller and Chief Accounting Officer   September 7, 2018
Timothy J. Tumminello        
         
/s/ Augustine Chow, Ph.D.   Director   September 7, 2018
Augustine Chow, Ph.D.        
         
/s/ Frederick J. Fritz   Director   September 7, 2018
Frederick J. Fritz        
         
/s/ Donald P. Braun, Ph.D.   Director   September 7, 2018
Donald P. Braun, Ph.D.        
         
/s/ Andreas Voss, M.D.   Director   September 7, 2018
Andreas Voss, M.D.        
         
/s/ Robert W. Hooper   Director   September 7, 2018
Robert W. Hooper        
         
/s/ Albert R. Martinez, M.D.   Director   September 7, 2018
Albert Martinez, M.D.        

 

II-5
 

ex4-5.htm

 

Exhibit 4.5

 

CELSION CORPORATION

 

and

 

[NAME OF TRUSTEE], as Trustee

 

INDENTURE

 

Dated as of _________, 201__

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

CROSS-REFERENCE TABLE

 

         

TIA

Section

 

 

 

Indenture
Section

310

 

(a)(1)

 

7.10

 

 

(a)(2)

 

7.10

 

 

(a)(3)

 

N.A.

 

 

(a)(4)

 

N.A.

 

 

(a)(5)

 

7.10

 

 

(b)

 

7.08; 7.10

 

 

(b)(1)

 

7.10

311

 

(a)

 

N.A.

 

 

(b)

 

7.11

 

 

(c)

 

7.11

312

 

(a)

 

N.A.

 

 

(b)

 

2.06

 

 

(c)

 

10.03

313

 

(a)

 

10.03

 

 

(b)

 

7.06

 

 

(b)(1)

 

7.08

 

 

(b)(2)

 

N.A.

 

 

(c)

 

7.06

 

 

(d)

 

7.06

314

 

(a)

 

4.08; 10.04

 

 

(b)

 

N.A.

 

 

(c)(1)

 

10.04

 

 

(c)(2)

 

10.04

 

 

(c)(3)

 

N.A.

 

 

(d)

 

N.A.

 

 

(e)

 

10.05

 

 

(f)

 

N.A.

315

 

(a)

 

7.01(b)

 

 

(b)

 

7.05

 

 

(c)

 

7.01(a)

 

 

(d)

 

7.01(c)

 

 

(e)

 

6.12

316

 

(a) (last sentence)

 

2.10

 

 

(a)(1)(A)

 

6.05

 

 

(a)(1)(B)

 

6.04

 

 

(a)(2)

 

N.A.

 

 

(b)

 

6.08

 

 

(c)

 

8.04

317

 

(a)(1)

 

6.09

 

 

(a)(2)

 

6.10

 

 

(b)

 

2.05; 7.12

318

 

(a)

 

10.01

 


N.A. means Not Applicable

Note: This Cross-Reference Table shall not, for any purpose, be deemed to be a part of this Indenture

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     

ARTICLE ONE DEFINITIONS AND INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

1

     

SECTION 1.01.

Definitions.

1

SECTION 1.02.

Other Definitions.

6

SECTION 1.03.

Incorporation by Reference of TIA.

6

SECTION 1.04.

Rules of Construction.

7

   

ARTICLE TWO THE SECURITIES

7

     

SECTION 2.01.

Series of Securities; Amount Unlimited.

7

SECTION 2.02.

Form.

10

SECTION 2.03.

Execution and Authentication.

10

SECTION 2.04.

Registrar and Paying Agent.

12

SECTION 2.05.

Paying Agent To Hold Money in Trust.

12

SECTION 2.06.

Holder Lists.

12

SECTION 2.07.

Transfer and Exchange.

13

SECTION 2.08.

Replacement Securities.

13

SECTION 2.09.

Outstanding Securities.

14

SECTION 2.10.

Treasury Securities.

14

SECTION 2.11.

Temporary Securities.

14

SECTION 2.12.

Cancellation.

15

SECTION 2.13.

Defaulted Interest.

15

SECTION 2.14.

CUSIP Number.

15

SECTION 2.15.

Deposit of Moneys.

15

SECTION 2.16.

Book-Entry Provisions for Global Securities.

16

SECTION 2.17.

Legend for Global Security.

17

SECTION 2.18.

Computation of Interest.

17

SECTION 2.19.

Record Dates.

17

   

ARTICLE THREE REDEMPTION

19

     

SECTION 3.01.

Applicability of Article.

19

SECTION 3.02.

Election To Redeem; Notices to Trustee.

19

SECTION 3.03.

Selection by Trustee of Securities To Be Redeemed.

19

SECTION 3.04.

Notice of Redemption.

19

SECTION 3.05.

Effect of Notice of Redemption.

20

SECTION 3.06.

Deposit of Redemption Price.

21

SECTION 3.07.

Securities Redeemed in Part.

21

SECTION 3.08.

Mandatory Redemption.

21

   

ARTICLE FOUR COVENANTS

21

     

SECTION 4.01.

Payment of Principal, Premium and Interest.

21

SECTION 4.02.

Maintenance of Office or Agency.

22

SECTION 4.03.

Money for Securities Payments To Be Held in Trust.

22

SECTION 4.04.

Corporate Existence.

23

SECTION 4.05.

Payment of Taxes and Other Claims.

23

SECTION 4.06.

Restrictions on Secured Debt.

23

SECTION 4.07.

Restrictions on Sale and Lease-Back Transactions.

25

 

 
ii 

 

 

SECTION 4.08.

Reports to Holders.

26

SECTION 4.09.

Statement by Officers as to Default.

27

SECTION 4.10.

Waiver of Certain Covenants.

27

   

ARTICLE FIVE SUCCESSOR CORPORATION

27

     

SECTION 5.01.

Consolidation, Merger and Sale of Assets.

27

   

ARTICLE SIX DEFAULTS AND REMEDIES

28

     

SECTION 6.01.

Events of Default.

28

SECTION 6.02.

Acceleration of Maturity; Rescission.

29

SECTION 6.03.

Other Remedies.

30

SECTION 6.04.

Waiver of Past Defaults and Events of Default.

30

SECTION 6.05.

Control by Majority.

31

SECTION 6.06.

Limitation on Suits.

31

SECTION 6.07.

No Personal Liability of Directors, Officers, Employees and Stockholders.

31

SECTION 6.08.

Rights of Holders To Receive Payment.

32

SECTION 6.09.

Collection Suit by Trustee.

32

SECTION 6.10.

Trustee May File Proofs of Claim.

32

SECTION 6.11.

Priorities.

33

SECTION 6.12.

Undertaking for Costs.

33

SECTION 6.13.

Waiver of Stay or Extension Laws.

33

   

ARTICLE SEVEN TRUSTEE

33

     

SECTION 7.01.

Duties of Trustee.

33

SECTION 7.02.

Rights of Trustee.

35

SECTION 7.03.

Individual Rights of Trustee.

36

SECTION 7.04.

Trustee’s Disclaimer.

36

SECTION 7.05.

Notice of Defaults.

36

SECTION 7.06.

Reports by Trustee to Holders.

36

SECTION 7.07.

Compensation and Indemnity.

37

SECTION 7.08.

Replacement of Trustee.

38

SECTION 7.09.

Successor Trustee by Consolidation, Merger, etc.

39

SECTION 7.10.

Eligibility; Disqualification.

40

SECTION 7.11.

Preferential Collection of Claims Against Company.

40

   

ARTICLE EIGHT AMENDMENT AND WAIVER

40

     

SECTION 8.01.

Without Consent of Holders.

40

SECTION 8.02.

With Consent of Holders.

41

SECTION 8.03.

Compliance with TIA.

42

SECTION 8.04.

Revocation and Effect of Consents.

42

SECTION 8.05.

Notation on or Exchange of Securities.

42

SECTION 8.06.

Trustee To Sign Amendments, etc.

42

   

ARTICLE NINE DISCHARGE OF INDENTURE; DEFEASANCE

43

     

SECTION 9.01.

Discharge of Liability on Securities; Defeasance.

43

SECTION 9.02.

Conditions to Defeasance.

44

 

 
iii 

 

 

SECTION 9.03.

Deposited Money and Government Obligations To Be Held in Trust; Other Miscellaneous Provisions.

45

SECTION 9.04.

Reinstatement.

46

SECTION 9.05.

Moneys Held by Paying Agent.

46

SECTION 9.06.

Moneys Held by Trustee.

46

   

ARTICLE TEN MISCELLANEOUS

47

     

SECTION 10.01.

TIA Controls.

47

SECTION 10.02.

Notices.

47

SECTION 10.03.

Communications by Holders with Other Holders.

48

SECTION 10.04.

Certificate and Opinion as to Conditions Precedent.

48

SECTION 10.05.

Statements Required in Certificate and Opinion.

48

SECTION 10.06.

Form of Documents Delivered to Trustee.

49

SECTION 10.07.

Rules by Trustee and Agents.

49

SECTION 10.08.

Legal Holidays.

49

SECTION 10.09.

Governing Law.

49

SECTION 10.10.

No Adverse Interpretation of Other Agreements.

50

SECTION 10.11.

Successors.

50

SECTION 10.12.

Benefits of Indenture.

50

SECTION 10.13.

Multiple Counterparts.

50

SECTION 10.14.

Table of Contents, Headings, etc.

50

SECTION 10.15.

Separability.

50

 

 
iv 

 

 

INDENTURE, dated as of _________ _____, 201___ between Celsion Corporation, a Delaware corporation, as issuer (the Company) and [Name of Trustee], a [national banking association], as trustee (the Trustee).

 

The Company has duly authorized the execution and delivery of this Indenture to provide for the issuance from time to time of its unsecured senior debentures or notes or other evidences of indebtedness (hereinafter called Securities) to be issued in one or more series as provided in and in accordance with this Indenture.

 

Each party agrees as follows for the benefit of the other party and for the equal and ratable benefit of the Holders of the Securities.

 

ARTICLE ONE

 

DEFINITIONS AND INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

 

SECTION 1.01. Definitions.

 

Affiliate of any specified Person means any other Person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by or under direct or indirect common control with such specified Person. For the purposes of this definition, control when used with respect to any specified Person means the power to direct the management and policies of such Person, directly or indirectly, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise; and the terms controlling and controlled have meanings correlative to the foregoing.

 

Agent means any Registrar, Paying Agent or agent for service or notices and demands.

 

amend means amend, modify, supplement, restate or amend and restate, including successively; amending and amended have correlative meanings; and amendment means amendment, modification, supplement, restatement or amendment and restatement.

 

Attributable Debt in respect of a Sale and Lease-Back Transaction means, as of any particular time, the present value (discounted at the rate of interest implicit in the terms of the lease involved in such Sale and Lease-Back Transaction, as determined in good faith by the Company) of the obligation of the lessee thereunder for rental payments (excluding, however, any amounts required to be paid by such lessee, whether or not designated as rent or additional rent, on account of maintenance and repairs, insurance, taxes, assessments, water rates or similar charges or any amounts required to be paid by such lessee thereunder contingent upon the amount of sales, maintenance and repairs, insurance, taxes, assessments, water rates or similar charges) during the remaining term of such lease (including any period for which such lease has been extended or may, at the option of the lessor, be extended).

 

 
 

 

 

Bankruptcy Law means Title 11, United States Code, or any similar U.S. Federal or state law or law of any other jurisdiction relating to bankruptcy, insolvency, winding-up, liquidation, reorganization or relief of debtors.

 

Board of Directors means either the board of directors of the Company or any duly authorized committee of that board.

 

Board Resolution means a copy of a resolution certified by the Secretary or an Assistant Secretary of the Company to have been duly adopted by the Board of Directors and to be in full force and effect on the date of such certification, and delivered to the Trustee.

 

Business Day means, unless otherwise provided with respect to a series of Securities, any day other than a Legal Holiday.

 

capital stock or stock means:

 

(i) in the case of a corporation, corporate stock or shares;

 

(ii) in the case of a partnership or limited liability company, partnership interests (whether general or limited) or membership interests;

 

(iii) in the case of an association or business entity (other than as provided in clauses (i) and (ii) above), shares, interests, participations, rights or other equivalents (however designated) similar to corporate stock; and

 

(iv) any other interest or participation that confers on a Person the right to receive a share of the profit and losses of, or distribution of assets of, the issuing Person.

 

Commission means the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, as from time to time constituted, created under the Exchange Act or, if at any time after the execution and delivery of this Indenture such Commission is not existing and performing the duties now assigned to it under the TIA, then the body performing such duties at such time.

 

Company means the party named as such in the first paragraph of this Indenture, until a successor replaces such party pursuant to Article Five and thereafter means the successor.

 

Company Order means a written request or order signed in the name of the Company by its Chairman of the Board, its President or a Vice President, and by its Treasurer, an Assistant Treasurer, its Controller, an Assistant Controller, its Secretary or an Assistant Secretary, and delivered to the Trustee.

 

Consolidated Net Tangible Assets means, as of any particular time, the total amount of assets (less applicable reserves) after deducting therefrom (a) all current liabilities (excluding any thereof which are by their terms extendible or renewable at the option of the obligor thereon to a time more than 12 months after the time as of which the amount thereof is being computed and excluding current maturities of long-term indebtedness), and (b) all goodwill, trade names, trademarks, patents, unamortized debt discount and expense and other like intangible assets, all as shown in the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Company and subsidiaries contained in the Companys then most recent annual report to stockholders, except that assets shall include an amount equal to the Attributable Debt in respect of any Sale and Lease-Back Transaction not capitalized on such balance sheet.

 

 
2

 

 

Corporate Trust Office means the principal office of the Trustee at which at any time this Indenture shall be administered, which office at the date hereof is located at  , Attention:  , or such other address as the Trustee may designate from time to time by notice to the Holders and the Company, or the principal corporate trust office of any successor Trustee (or such other address as such successor Trustee may designate from time to time by notice to the Holders and the Company).

 

corporation includes corporations, associations, companies (including any limited liability company), business and statutory trusts and limited partnerships.

 

Custodian means any receiver, interim receiver, receiver and manager, trustee, assignee, liquidator, custodian or similar official under any Bankruptcy Law.

 

Default means any event which is, or after notice or passage of time or both would be, an Event of Default.

 

Depository means, with respect to the Securities issued in the form of one or more Global Securities, The Depository Trust Company or another Person designated as Depository by the Company, which Person must be a clearing agency registered under the Exchange Act that is designated to act as Depository for such Securities as contemplated by Section 2.01.

 

Exchange Act means the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

GAAP means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America as in effect from time to time.

 

Global Security means a Security that evidences all or part of the Securities of any series and bears the legend set forth in Section 2.17 (or such legend as may be specified as contemplated by Section 2.01 for such Securities).

 

Government Obligations means securities that are (i) direct obligations of the United States of America for the payment of which its full faith and credit is pledged, or (ii) obligations of a Person controlled or supervised by and acting as an agency or instrumentality of the United States of America the payment of which is unconditionally guaranteed as a full faith and credit obligation by the United States of America, which, in either case under clauses (i) or (ii), are not callable or redeemable at the option of the issuer thereof, and shall also include a depository receipt issued by a bank or trust company as custodian with respect to any such Government Obligation or a specific payment of interest on or principal of any such Government Obligation held by such custodian for the account of the holder of a depository receipt; provided that (except as required by law) such custodian is not authorized to make any deduction from the amount payable to the holder of such depository receipt from any amount received by the custodian in respect of the Government Obligation or the specific payment of interest on or principal of the Government Obligation evidenced by such depository receipt.

 

 
3

 

 

Holder means the Person in whose name a Security is registered in the register maintained by the Registrar pursuant to Section 2.04.

 

Indenture means this Indenture as amended, restated or supplemented from time to time, including, for all purposes of this instrument, the provisions of the TIA that are deemed to be a part of and govern this instrument and any supplemental indenture, respectively. The term Indenture shall also include the terms of a particular series of Securities established as contemplated by Section 2.01.

 

interest means, with respect to the Securities, interest on the Securities.

 

Interest Payment Date means, when used with respect to any Security, the Stated Maturity of an installment of interest on such Security.

 

Legal Holiday means a Saturday, a Sunday or other day on which commercial banking institutions in New York City are authorized or required by law to close.

 

Maturity Date, when used with respect to any Security, means the date on which the principal amount of such Security becomes due and payable as therein or herein provided, whether at the Stated Maturity or by declaration of acceleration, call for redemption or otherwise.

 

Officer means the Chief Executive Officer, the President, the Chief Financial Officer, any Vice President, the Treasurer or the Secretary of the specified Person.

 

Officers’ Certificate means a certificate signed by the Chairman of the Board, the Chief Executive Officer, the President or a Vice President, and by the Treasurer, an Assistant Treasurer, the Controller, an Assistant Controller, the Secretary or an Assistant Secretary, of the Company, and delivered to the Trustee.

 

Opinion of Counsel means a written opinion of counsel, who may be an employee of or counsel for the Company, and who shall be reasonably acceptable to the Trustee.

 

Paying Agent means any Person authorized by the Company to pay the principal of (and premium, if any) or interest on any Securities on behalf of the Company.

 

Person means any individual, corporation, company (including any limited liability company), association, partnership, joint venture, joint-stock company, trust, unincorporated organization, government or any agency or political subdivision thereof or any other entity.

 

Physical Securities means certificated Securities in registered form in substantially the form set forth in Exhibit A-1 or in such form as shall be established by or pursuant to a Board Resolution or in one or more indentures supplemental hereto.

 

 
4

 

 

Place of Payment, when used with respect to the Securities of any series, means the place or places where the principal of (and premium, if any) and interest on the Securities of such series are payable as specified as contemplated by Section 2.01.

 

Principal Property means any manufacturing plant or manufacturing facility located within the United States of America, having a gross book value in excess of [1]% of Consolidated Net Tangible Assets at the time of determination thereof and owned by the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary, in each case other than (1) any such plant or facility which, in the opinion of the Board of Directors, is not of material importance to the total business conducted by the Company and its Restricted Subsidiaries taken as a whole, or (2) any portion of such plant or facility similarly found not to be of material importance to the use or operation thereof.

 

Redemption Date, when used with respect to any Security to be redeemed, means the date fixed for such redemption pursuant to this Indenture.

 

Redemption Price, when used with respect to any Security to be redeemed, means the price at which it is to be redeemed pursuant to this Indenture.

 

Responsible Officer, when used with respect to the Trustee, means any officer assigned by the Trustee to administer corporate trust matters and any other officer of the Trustee to whom any corporate trust matter is referred because of such officers knowledge of and familiarity with the particular subject.

 

Restricted Subsidiary means any Subsidiary (a) substantially all of the property of which is located, or substantially all of the business of which is carried on, within the United States of America (other than its territories or possessions and other than Puerto Rico) and (b) which owns a Principal Property; provided, however, that any Subsidiary which is principally engaged in financing operations outside the United States of America or which is principally engaged in leasing or financing installment receivables shall not be deemed a Restricted Subsidiary for purposes of this Indenture.

 

Securities has the meaning provided in the preamble of this Indenture.

 

Securities Act means the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

Stated Maturity means (a) with respect to any Security, the date specified in such Security as the fixed date on which the payment of principal of such Security is due and payable, including pursuant to any mandatory redemption provision (but excluding any provision providing for the repurchase of such Security at the option of the Holder thereof upon the happening of any contingency beyond the control of the Company unless such contingency has occurred) and (b) with respect to any scheduled installment of principal of or interest on any Security, the date specified in such Security as the fixed date on which such installment is due and payable.

 

Subsidiary means a corporation more than 50% of the outstanding voting stock of which is owned, directly or indirectly, by the Company or by one or more other Subsidiaries, or by the Company and one or more other Subsidiaries. For the purposes of this definition, voting stock means stock which ordinarily has voting power for the election of directors, whether at all times or only so long as no senior class of stock has such voting power by reason of any contingency.

 

 
5

 

 

TIA means the Trust Indenture Act of 1939 (15 U.S. Code §§77aaa-77bbbb) as in effect on the date of this Indenture, except as provided in Section 8.03.

 

Trustee means the party named as such in this Indenture until a successor replaces it pursuant to this Indenture and thereafter means the successor, and, if at any time there is more than one Person, Trustee, as used with respect to the Securities of any series, shall mean the Trustee with respect to Securities of such series.

 

SECTION 1.02. Other Definitions.

 

The definitions of the following terms can be found in the sections indicated as follows:

 

     

Term

 

Defined in Section

Agent Members

 

2.16

Covenant Defeasance

 

9.01

Expiration Date

 

2.19

Events of Default

 

6.01

indebtedness

 

4.06

Legal Defeasance

 

9.01

mortgage

 

4.06

Notice of Default

 

6.01

Registrar

 

2.04

Sale and Lease-Back Transaction

 

4.07

 

SECTION 1.03. Incorporation by Reference of TIA.

 

Whenever this Indenture refers to a provision of the TIA, the portion of such provision required to be incorporated herein in order for this Indenture to be qualified under the TIA is incorporated by reference in and made a part of this Indenture. The following TIA terms used in this Indenture have the following meanings:

 

indenture securities means the Securities.

 

indenture securityholder means a Holder.

 

indenture to be qualified means this Indenture.

 

obligor on this indenture securities means the Company or any other obligor on the Securities.

 

 
6

 

 

All other terms used in this Indenture that are defined by the TIA, defined in the TIA by reference to another statute or defined by Commission rule have the meanings therein assigned to them.

 

SECTION 1.04. Rules of Construction.

 

Unless the context otherwise requires:

 

(i) a term has the meaning assigned to it herein, whether defined expressly or by reference;

 

(ii) or is not exclusive;

 

(iii) words in the singular include the plural, and in the plural include the singular;

 

(iv) words used herein implying any gender shall apply to both genders;

 

(v) herein, hereof and other words of similar import refer to this Indenture as a whole and not to any particular Article, Section or subsection;

 

(vi) unless otherwise specified herein, all accounting terms used herein shall be interpreted, all accounting determinations hereunder shall be made, and all financial statements required to be delivered hereunder shall be prepared, in accordance with GAAP; and

 

(vii) $, U.S. Dollars and United States Dollars each refer to United States dollars, or such other money of the United States of America that at the time of payment is legal tender for payment of public and private debts.

 

 

ARTICLE TWO

 

THE SECURITIES

 

SECTION 2.01. Series of Securities; Amount Unlimited.

 

The aggregate principal amount of Securities which may be authenticated and delivered under this Indenture is unlimited. The Securities may be issued in one or more series. There shall be established in one or more Board Resolutions or pursuant to authority granted by one or more Board Resolutions and, subject to Sections 2.02 and 2.03, set forth in, or determined in the manner provided in, an Officers Certificate, or established in one or more indentures supplemental hereto, prior to the issuance of Securities of any series,

 

(1) the title of the Securities of the series (which shall distinguish the Securities of the series from Securities of any other series);

 

 
7

 

 

(2) any limit upon the aggregate principal amount of the Securities of the series which may be authenticated and delivered under this Indenture (except for Securities authenticated and delivered upon registration of transfer of, or in exchange for, or in lieu of, other Securities of the series pursuant to Sections 2.07, 2.08, 2.11, 3.06 or 8.05, and except for any Securities which, pursuant to Section 2.03, are deemed never to have been authenticated and delivered hereunder);

 

(3) the Person to whom any interest on a Security of the series shall be payable, if other than the Person in whose name that Security is registered at the close of business on the regular record date for such interest;

 

(4) the date or dates on which the principal of any Securities of the series is payable;

 

(5) the rate or rates at which any Securities of the series shall bear interest, if any, the date or dates from which any such interest shall accrue, the Interest Payment Dates on which any such interest shall be payable and the regular record date for any such interest payable on any Interest Payment Date;

 

(6) the place or places where the principal of and any premium and interest on any Securities of the series shall be payable;

 

(7) the period or periods within which, the price or prices at which and the terms and conditions upon which any Securities of the series may be redeemed, in whole or in part, at the option of the Company and, if other than by a Board Resolution, the manner in which any election by the Company to redeem the Securities shall be evidenced;

 

(8) the obligation, if any, of the Company to redeem or purchase any Securities of the series pursuant to any sinking fund or analogous provisions or at the option of the Holder thereof and the period or periods within which, the price or prices at which and the terms and conditions upon which any Securities of the series shall be redeemed or purchased, in whole or in part, pursuant to such obligation;

 

(9) if other than denominations of $1,000 and any integral multiple thereof, the denominations in which any Securities of the series shall be issuable;

 

(10) if the amount of principal of or any premium or interest on any Securities of the series may be determined with reference to an index or pursuant to a formula, the manner in which such amounts shall be determined;

 

(11) if other than the currency of the United States of America, the currency, currencies or currency units in which the principal of or any premium or interest on any Securities of the series shall be payable and the manner of determining the equivalent thereof in the currency of the United States of America for any purpose;

 

(12) if the principal of or any premium or interest on any Securities of the series is to be payable, at the election of the Company or the Holder thereof, in one or more currencies or currency units other than that or those in which such Securities are stated to be payable, the currency, currencies or currency units in which the principal of or any premium or interest on such Securities as to which such election is made shall be payable, the periods within which and the terms and conditions upon which such election is to be made and the amount so payable (or the manner in which such amount shall be determined);

 

 
8

 

 

(13) if other than the entire principal amount thereof, the portion of the principal amount of any Securities of the series which shall be payable upon declaration of acceleration of the maturity of the principal amount thereof pursuant to Section 6.02;

 

(14) if the principal amount payable at the Stated Maturity of any Securities of the series will not be determinable as of any one or more dates prior to the Stated Maturity, the amount which shall be deemed to be the principal amount of such Securities as of any such date for any purpose thereunder or hereunder, including the principal amount thereof which shall be due and payable upon any date other than the Stated Maturity or which shall be deemed to be outstanding as of any date prior to the Stated Maturity (or, in any such case, the manner in which such amount deemed to be the principal amount shall be determined);

 

(15) if applicable, that any Securities of the series shall be issuable in whole or in part in the form of one or more Global Securities and, in such case, the respective Depositories for such Global Securities, the form of any legend or legends which shall be borne by any such Global Security in addition to or in lieu of that set forth in Section 2.17 and any circumstances in addition to or in lieu of those set forth in Section 2.16 in which any such Global Security may be exchanged in whole or in part for Securities registered, and any transfer of such Global Security in whole or in part may be registered, in the name or names of Persons other than the Depositary for such Global Security or a nominee thereof;

 

(16) any addition to or change in the Events of Default which applies to any Securities of the series and any change in the right of the Trustee or the requisite Holders of such Securities to declare the principal amount thereof due and payable pursuant to Section 6.02;

 

(17) any addition to or change in the covenants set forth in Article Four which applies to Securities of the series; and

 

(18) any other terms of the series (which terms shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of this Indenture, except as permitted by Section 8.01(viii)).

 

All Securities of any one series shall be substantially identical except as to denomination and except as may otherwise be provided in or pursuant to the Board Resolution referred to above and (subject to Section 2.03) set forth, or determined in the manner provided, in the Officers Certificate referred to above or in any such indenture supplemental hereto.

 

If any of the terms of the series are established by action taken pursuant to a Board Resolution, a copy of an appropriate record of such action shall be certified by the Secretary or an Assistant Secretary of the Company and delivered to the Trustee at or prior to the delivery of the Officers Certificate setting forth the terms of the series.

 

The Securities shall be general unsecured senior obligations of the Company and will rank equally with all other unsecured senior indebtedness of the Company from time to time outstanding.

 

 
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SECTION 2.02. Form.

 

The Securities and the Trustees certificate of authentication with respect thereto shall be substantially in the form set forth in Exhibit A-1, which is incorporated in and forms a part of this Indenture, or such form established by one or more Board Resolutions adopted with respect to such series or in one or more indentures supplemental hereto, in each case with such appropriate insertions, omissions, substitutions and other variations as are required or permitted by this Indenture, and may have such letters, numbers or other marks of identification and such legends or endorsements placed thereon as may be required to comply with law or the rules of any securities exchange or Depository therefor or as may, consistently herewith, be determined by the officers executing such Securities, as evidenced by their execution thereof. If the form of Securities of any series is established by action taken pursuant to a Board Resolution, a copy of an appropriate record of such action shall be certified by the Secretary or an Assistant Secretary of the Company and delivered to the Trustee at or prior to the delivery of the Company Order contemplated by Section 2.03 for the authentication and delivery of such Securities.

 

The Securities shall be issued initially in the form of one or more permanent Global Securities in registered form and deposited with the Trustee, as custodian for the Depository. The aggregate principal amount of any Global Security may from time to time be increased or decreased by adjustments made on the records of the Trustee, as custodian for the Depository.

 

The terms and provisions contained in the Securities shall constitute, and are expressly made, a part of this Indenture and, to the extent applicable, the Company and the Trustee, by their execution and delivery of this Indenture, expressly agree to such terms and provisions and agree to be bound thereby.

 

SECTION 2.03. Execution and Authentication.

 

The Securities shall be executed on behalf of the Company by its Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, President or any Vice President. The signature of any of these officers on the Securities may be manual or facsimile.

 

If an Officer whose signature is on a Security was an Officer at the time of such execution but no longer holds that office at the time the Trustee authenticates the Security, the Security shall be valid nevertheless.

 

At any time and from time to time after the execution and delivery of this Indenture, the Company may deliver Securities of any series executed by the Company to the Trustee for authentication, together with a Company Order for the authentication and delivery of such Securities, and the Trustee in accordance with the Company Order shall authenticate and deliver such Securities. If the form or terms of the Securities of the series have been established by or pursuant to one or more Board Resolutions as permitted by Sections 2.01 and 2.02, in authenticating such Securities, and accepting the additional responsibilities under this Indenture in relation to such Securities, the Trustee shall be entitled to receive, and (subject to Section 7.01) shall be fully protected in relying upon, an Opinion of Counsel stating:

 

 
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(1) if the form of such Securities has been established by or pursuant to Board Resolution as permitted by Section 2.02, that such form has been established in conformity with the provisions of this Indenture;

 

(2) if the terms of such Securities have been established by or pursuant to Board Resolution as permitted by Section 2.01, that such terms have been established in conformity with the provisions of this Indenture; and

 

(3) that such Securities, when authenticated and delivered by the Trustee and issued by the Company in the manner and subject to any conditions specified in such Opinion of Counsel, will constitute valid and legally binding obligations of the Company enforceable in accordance with their terms, subject to bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent transfer, fraudulent conveyance, reorganization, moratorium and similar laws of general applicability relating to or affecting creditors rights and to general equity principles.

 

If such form or terms have been so established, the Trustee shall not be required to authenticate such Securities if the issue of such Securities pursuant to this Indenture will affect the Trustees own rights, duties or immunities under the Securities and this Indenture or otherwise in a manner which is not reasonably acceptable to the Trustee.

 

Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 2.01 and of the second preceding paragraph, if all Securities of any series are not to be originally issued at one time, it shall not be necessary to deliver the Officers Certificate otherwise required pursuant to Section 2.01 or the Company Order and Opinion of Counsel otherwise required pursuant to such second preceding paragraph at or prior to the authentication of each Security of such series if such documents are delivered at or prior to the authentication upon original issuance of the first Security of such series to be issued.

 

Each Security shall be dated the date of its authentication.

 

No Security shall be entitled to any benefit under this Indenture or be valid or obligatory for any purpose unless there appears on such Security a certificate of authentication substantially in the form provided for herein executed by the Trustee by manual signature, and such certificate upon any Security shall be conclusive evidence, and the only evidence, that such Security has been duly authenticated and delivered hereunder. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if any Security shall have been authenticated and delivered hereunder but never issued and sold by the Company, and the Company shall deliver such Security to the Trustee for cancellation as provided in Section 2.12, for all purposes of this Indenture such Security shall be deemed never to have been authenticated and delivered hereunder and shall never be entitled to the benefits of this Indenture.

 

The Securities of each series shall be issuable only in registered form without coupons and only in such denominations as shall be specified as contemplated by Section 2.01. In the absence of any such specified denomination with respect to the Securities of any series, the Securities of such series shall be issuable in denominations of $1,000 and any integral multiple thereof.

 

 
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SECTION 2.04. Registrar and Paying Agent.

 

The Company shall cause to be kept at the Corporate Trust Office a register in which, subject to such reasonable regulations as it may prescribe, the Company shall provide for the registration of the Securities and of their transfer and exchange. The Trustee is hereby appointed Registrar for purposes of maintaining such register.

 

The Company shall maintain an office or agency where Securities may be presented for payment and an office or agency where notices and demands to or upon the Company, if any, in respect of the Securities and this Indenture may be served. The Company may have one or more Paying Agents.

 

The Company initially appoints the Trustee as Paying Agent and Agent for service of notices and demands in connection with the Securities and this Indenture. The Company may change the Paying Agent without prior notice to the Holders. The Company or any of its Subsidiaries may act as Paying Agent.

 

The Company shall enter into an appropriate agency agreement, which shall incorporate the provisions of the TIA, with any Agent that is not a party to this Indenture. The agreement shall implement the provisions of this Indenture that relate to such Agent. The Company shall notify the Trustee of the name and address of any such Agent. If the Company fails to maintain a Registrar or Paying Agent, or fails to give the foregoing notice, the Trustee shall act as such and shall be entitled to appropriate compensation in accordance with Section 7.07.

 

SECTION 2.05. Paying Agent To Hold Money in Trust.

 

Each Paying Agent shall hold in trust for the benefit of the Holders or the Trustee all money held by the Paying Agent for the payment of principal of or premium or interest on the Securities (whether such money has been paid to it by the Company or any other obligor on the Securities), and the Company and the Paying Agent shall notify the Trustee of any default by the Company (or any other obligor on the Securities) in making any such payment. Money held in trust by the Paying Agent need not be segregated except as required by law and in no event shall the Paying Agent be liable for any interest on any money received by it hereunder; provided that if the Company or an Affiliate thereof acts as Paying Agent, it shall segregate the money held by it as Paying Agent and hold it as a separate trust fund. The Company at any time may require the Paying Agent to pay all money held by it to the Trustee and account for any funds disbursed and the Trustee may at any time during the continuance of any Event of Default specified in Section 6.01(1) or (2), upon written request to the Paying Agent, require the Paying Agent to pay forthwith all money so held by it to the Trustee and to account for any funds disbursed. Upon making such payment, the Paying Agent shall have no further liability for the money delivered to the Trustee.

 

SECTION 2.06. Holder Lists.

 

The Trustee shall preserve in as current a form as is reasonably practicable the most recent list available to it of the names and addresses of the Holders. If the Trustee is not the Registrar, the Company shall furnish to the Trustee at least five Business Days before each Interest Payment Date for Securities of any series, and at such other times as the Trustee may request in writing, a list in such form and as of such date as the Trustee may reasonably require of the names and addresses of the Holders of Securities of such series; provided that, as long as the Trustee is the Registrar, no such list need be furnished.

 

 
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SECTION 2.07. Transfer and Exchange.

 

Subject to Section 2.16, when Securities of any series are presented to the Registrar with a request from the Holder of such Securities to register a transfer or to exchange them for an equal principal amount of Securities of such series of other authorized denominations, the Registrar shall register the transfer or make the exchange as requested. Every Security presented or surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange shall be duly endorsed or be accompanied by a written instrument of transfer in form satisfactory to the Company and the Registrar, duly executed by the Holder thereof or his attorneys duly authorized in writing. To permit registrations of transfers and exchanges, the Company shall issue and execute and the Trustee shall authenticate new Securities of the same series evidencing such transfer or exchange at the Registrars request. No service charge shall be made to the Holder for any registration of transfer or exchange. The Company may require from the Holder payment of a sum sufficient to cover any transfer taxes or other governmental charge that may be imposed in relation to a transfer exchange, but this provision shall not apply to any exchange pursuant to Section 2.11, 3.06 or 8.05 (in which events the Company shall be responsible for the payment of such taxes). The Registrar shall not be required to exchange or register a transfer of any Security for a period of 15 days immediately preceding the redemption of Securities of such series, except the unredeemed portion of any Security being redeemed in part.

 

Any Holder of a Global Security shall, by acceptance of such Global Security, agree that transfers of the beneficial interests in such Security may be effected only through a book-entry system maintained by the Holder of such Security (or its agent), and that ownership of a beneficial interest in the Global Security shall be required to be reflected in a book entry.

 

SECTION 2.08. Replacement Securities.

 

If a mutilated Security is surrendered to the Registrar or the Trustee, or if the Holder of a Security claims that the Security has been lost, destroyed or wrongfully taken, the Company shall issue, and the Trustee shall authenticate, a replacement Security of the same series if the Holder of such Security furnishes to the Company and the Trustee evidence reasonably acceptable to them of the ownership and the destruction, loss or theft of such Security and if the requirements of Section 8-405 of the New York Uniform Commercial Code as in effect on the date of this Indenture are met. If required by the Trustee or the Company, an indemnity bond shall be posted, sufficient in the judgment of all to protect the Company, the Trustee or any Paying Agent from any loss that any of them may suffer if such Security is replaced. The Company may charge such Holder for the Companys reasonable out-of-pocket expenses in replacing such Security and the Trustee may charge the Company for the Trustees expenses (including, without limitation, attorneys fees and disbursements) in replacing such Security. Every replacement Security shall constitute a contractual obligation of the Company.

 

 
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SECTION 2.09. Outstanding Securities.

 

The Securities outstanding at any time are all Securities that have been authenticated by the Trustee except for (a) those canceled by it, (b) those delivered to it for cancellation, (c) to the extent set forth in Sections 9.01 and 9.02, on or after the date on which the conditions set forth in Section 9.01 or 9.02 have been satisfied, those Securities theretofore authenticated and delivered by the Trustee hereunder and (d) those described in this Section 2.09 as not outstanding. Subject to Section 2.10, a Security does not cease to be outstanding because the Company or one of its Affiliates holds the Security.

 

If a Security is replaced pursuant to Section 2.08, it ceases to be outstanding unless the Trustee receives proof satisfactory to it that the replaced Security is held by a bona fide purchaser in whose hands such Security is a legal, valid and binding obligation of the Company.

 

If the Paying Agent holds, in its capacity as such, on any Maturity Date, money sufficient to pay all accrued interest and principal with respect to the Securities payable on that date and is not prohibited from paying such money to the Holders thereof pursuant to the terms of this Indenture, then on and after that date such Securities cease to be outstanding and interest on them ceases to accrue.

 

SECTION 2.10. Treasury Securities.

 

In determining whether the Holders of the required principal amount of Securities of any series have concurred in any declaration of acceleration or notice of default or direction, waiver or consent or any amendment to this Indenture, Securities of such series owned by the Company or any Affiliate of the Company shall be disregarded as though they were not outstanding, except that for the purposes of determining whether the Trustee shall be protected in relying on any such direction, waiver or consent or any amendment to this Indenture, only Securities of such series as to which a Responsible Officer of the Trustee has actually received an Officers Certificate stating that such Securities are so owned shall be so disregarded. Securities of such series so owned which have been pledged in good faith shall not be disregarded if the pledgee established to the satisfaction of the Trustee the pledgees right so to act with respect to such Securities and that the pledgee is not the Company or any other obligor on such Securities or any of their respective Affiliates.

 

SECTION 2.11. Temporary Securities.

 

Until definitive Securities of any series are prepared and ready for delivery, the Company may prepare and the Trustee shall authenticate temporary Securities of such series. Temporary Securities shall be substantially in the form of definitive Securities of the same series but may have variations that the Company considers appropriate for temporary Securities.

 

Without unreasonable delay, the Company shall prepare and the Trustee shall authenticate definitive Securities of any series in exchange for temporary Securities of such series. Until such exchange, temporary Securities of such series shall be entitled to the same rights, benefits and privileges as definitive Securities of such series.

 

 
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SECTION 2.12. Cancellation.

 

The Company at any time may deliver Securities to the Trustee for cancellation. The Registrar and the Paying Agent shall forward to the Trustee any Securities surrendered to them for registration of transfer, exchange or payment. The Trustee shall cancel all Securities surrendered for registration of transfer, exchange, payment, replacement or cancellation and shall deliver such canceled Securities to the Company. The Company may not reissue or resell, or issue new Securities of any series to replace Securities of such series that the Company has redeemed or paid, or that have been delivered to the Trustee for cancellation.

 

SECTION 2.13. Defaulted Interest.

 

If the Company defaults on a payment of interest on any series of Securities, it shall pay the defaulted interest, plus (to the extent permitted by law) any interest payable on the defaulted interest (including post-petition interest in any proceeding under any Bankruptcy Law), in accordance with the terms hereof, to the Persons who are Holders of such series of Securities on a subsequent special record date, which date shall be at least five Business Days prior to the payment date. The Company shall fix such special record date and payment date in a manner satisfactory to the Trustee. At least 10 days before such special record date, the Company shall mail to each Holder of such series of Securities a notice that states the special record date, the payment date and the amount of defaulted interest, and interest payable on defaulted interest, if any, to be paid. The Company may make payment of any defaulted interest in any other lawful manner not inconsistent with the requirements (if applicable) of any securities exchange on which the Securities of such series may be listed and, upon such notice as may be required by such exchange, if, after written notice given by the Company to the Trustee of the proposed payment pursuant to this sentence, such manner of payment shall be deemed practicable by the Trustee.

 

SECTION 2.14. CUSIP Number.

 

The Company in issuing the Securities of any series may use a CUSIP number, and if so, such CUSIP number shall be included in notices of redemption or exchange as a convenience to Holders of such series; provided that any such notice may state that no representation is made as to the correctness or accuracy of the CUSIP number printed in the notice or on the Securities, and that reliance may be placed only on the other identification numbers printed on the Securities. The Company shall promptly notify the Trustee of any such CUSIP number used by the Company in connection with the issuance of the Securities and of any change in the CUSIP number.

 

SECTION 2.15. Deposit of Moneys.

 

Prior to 11:00 a.m., New York City time, on each Interest Payment Date and Maturity Date, the Company shall have deposited with the Paying Agent in immediately available funds money sufficient to make cash payments, if any, due on such Interest Payment Date or Maturity Date, as the case may be, in a timely manner which permits the Trustee to remit payment to the Holders on such Interest Payment Date or Maturity Date, as the case may be. The principal and interest on Global Securities shall be payable to the Depository or its nominee, as the case may be, as the sole registered owner and the sole Holder of the Global Securities represented thereby. The principal and interest on Physical Securities shall be payable, either in person or by mail, at the office of the Paying Agent.

 

 
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SECTION 2.16. Book-Entry Provisions for Global Securities.

 

(a) Each Global Security authenticated under this Indenture shall be registered in the name of the Depository designated for such Global Security or a nominee thereof and delivered to such Depository or a nominee thereof or custodian therefor, and each such Global Security shall constitute a single Security for all purposes of this Indenture

 

(b) Members of, or direct or indirect participants in, the Depository (Agent Members) shall have no rights under this Indenture with respect to any Global Security held on their behalf by the Depository, or the Trustee as its custodian, or under the Global Security, and the Depository may be treated by the Company, the Trustee and any agent of the Company or the Trustee as the absolute owner of the Global Security for all purposes whatsoever. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing herein shall prevent the Company, the Trustee or any agent of the Company or the Trustee from giving effect to any written certification, proxy or other authorization (which may be in electronic form) furnished by the Depository or impair, as between the Depository and its Agent Members, the operation of customary practices governing the exercise of the rights of a Holder of any Security.

 

(c) Transfers of Global Securities shall be limited to transfer in whole, but not in part, to the Depository, its successors or their respective nominees. Interests of beneficial owners in the Global Securities of any series may be transferred or exchanged for Physical Securities of such series in accordance with the rules and procedures of the Depository. In addition, a Global Security shall be exchangeable for Physical Securities if (i) the Depository (x) notifies the Company that it is unwilling or unable to continue as depository for such Global Security or (y) has ceased to be a clearing agency registered under the Exchange Act, and, with respect to (x) or (y), the Company thereupon fails to appoint a successor depository within 90 days of such notice or cessation, (ii) the Company, at its option, notifies the Trustee in writing that it elects to cause the issuance of such Physical Securities in exchange for any or all of the Securities of any series represented by the Global Securities of such series or (iii) there shall have occurred and be continuing an Event of Default with respect to the Securities of any series. In all cases, Physical Securities delivered in exchange for any Global Security or beneficial interests therein shall be registered in the names, and issued in any authorized denominations, requested by or on behalf of the Depository (in accordance with its customary procedures).

 

(d) In connection with any transfer or exchange of a portion of the beneficial interest in any Global Security to beneficial owners pursuant to Section 2.16(c), the Registrar shall (if one or more Physical Securities are to be issued) reflect on its books and records the date and a decrease in the principal amount of the Global Security of such series in an amount equal to the principal amount of the beneficial interest in the Global Security of such series to be transferred, and the Company shall execute, and the Trustee shall upon receipt of a Company Order authenticate and make available for delivery, one or more Physical Securities of like tenor and amount.

 

 
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(e) In connection with the transfer of Global Securities of any series as an entirety to beneficial owners pursuant to Section 2.16(c), the Global Securities of such series shall be deemed to be surrendered to the Trustee for cancellation, and the Company shall execute, and the Trustee shall authenticate and deliver, to each beneficial owner identified by the Depository in writing in exchange for its beneficial interest in the Global Securities of such series, an equal aggregate principal amount of Physical Securities of authorized denominations.

 

(f) Any beneficial interest in one of the Global Securities of any series that is transferred to a Person who takes delivery in the form of an interest in another Global Security of such series shall, upon transfer, cease to be an interest in such Global Security and become an interest in such other Global Security and, accordingly, shall thereafter be subject to all transfer restrictions and other procedures applicable to beneficial interests in such other Global Security for as long as it remains such an interest.

 

(g) The Holder of any Global Security may grant proxies and otherwise authorize any Person, including Agent Members and Persons that may hold interests through Agent Members, to take any action which a Holder is entitled to take under this Indenture or the Securities.

 

SECTION 2.17. Legend for Global Security.

 

Unless otherwise specified as contemplated by Section 2.01 for the Securities evidenced thereby, every Global Security authenticated and delivered hereunder shall bear a legend in substantially the following form:

 

This Security is a Global Security within the meaning of the Indenture hereinafter referred to and is registered in the name of a Depository or a nominee thereof. This Security may not be exchanged in whole or in part for a Security registered, and no transfer of this Security in whole or in part may be registered, in the name of any Person other than such Depository or a nominee thereof, except in the limited circumstances described in the Indenture.

 

SECTION 2.18. Computation of Interest.

 

Except as otherwise specified as contemplated by Section 2.01, interest on the Securities shall be computed on the basis of a 360-day year of twelve 30-day months.

 

SECTION 2.19. Record Dates.

 

(a) The Company may set any day as a record date for the purpose of determining the Holders of outstanding Securities of any series entitled to give, make or take any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action provided or permitted by this Indenture to be given, made or taken by Holders of Securities of such series; provided that the Company may not set a record date for, and the provisions of this Section 2.19(a) shall not apply with respect to, the giving or making of any notice, declaration, request or direction referred to in Section 2.19(b). If any record date is set pursuant to this Section 2.19(a), the Holders of outstanding Securities of the relevant series on such record date, and no other Holders, shall be entitled to take the relevant action, whether or not such Holders remain Holders after such record date; provided that no such action shall be effective hereunder unless taken on or prior to the applicable Expiration Date by Holders of the requisite principal amount of outstanding Securities of such series on such record date. Nothing in this Section 2.19(a) shall be construed to prevent the Company from setting a new record date for any action for which a record date has previously been set pursuant to this Section 2.19(a) (whereupon the record date previously set shall automatically and with no action by any Person be cancelled and of no effect), and nothing in this Section 2.19(a) shall be construed to render ineffective any action taken by Holders of the requisite principal amount of outstanding Securities of the relevant series on the date such action is taken. Promptly after any record date is set pursuant to this Section 2.19(a), the Company, at its own expense, shall cause notice of such record date, the proposed action by Holders and the applicable Expiration Date to be given to the Trustee in writing and to each Holder of Securities of the relevant series.

 

 
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(b) The Trustee may set any day as a record date for the purpose of determining the Holders of outstanding Securities of any series entitled to join in the giving or making of (i) any notice of default, (ii) any declaration of acceleration referred to in Section 6.02, (iii) any request to institute proceedings referred to in Section 6.06(2) or (iv) any direction referred to in Section 6.05, in each case with respect to Securities of such series. If any record date is set pursuant to this Section 2.19(b), the Holders of outstanding Securities of such series on such record date, and no other Holders, shall be entitled to join in such notice, declaration, request or direction, whether or not such Holders remain Holders after such record date; provided that no such action shall be effective hereunder unless taken on or prior to the applicable Expiration Date by Holders of the requisite principal amount of outstanding Securities of such series on such record date. Nothing in this Section 2.19(b) shall be construed to prevent the Trustee from setting a new record date for any action for which a record date has previously been set pursuant to this Section 2.19(b) (whereupon the record date previously set shall automatically and with no action by any Person be cancelled and of no effect), and nothing in this Section 2.19(b) shall be construed to render ineffective any action taken by Holders of the requisite principal amount of outstanding Securities of the relevant series on the date such action is taken. Promptly after any record date is set pursuant to this Section 2.19(b), the Trustee, at the Companys expense, shall cause notice of such record date, the proposed action by Holders and the applicable Expiration Date to be given to the Company in writing and to each Holder of Securities of the relevant series.

 

(c) With respect to any record date set pursuant to this Section 2.19, the party hereto which sets such record dates may designate any day as the Expiration Date and from time to time may change the Expiration Date to any earlier or later day; provided that no such change shall be effective unless notice of the proposed new Expiration Date is given to the other party hereto in writing, and to each Holder of Securities of the relevant series, on or prior to the existing Expiration Date. If an Expiration Date is not designated with respect to any record date set pursuant to this Section 2.19, the party hereto which set such record date shall be deemed to have initially designated the 180th day after such record date as the Expiration Date with respect thereto, subject to its right to change the Expiration Date as provided in this Section 2.19. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no Expiration Date shall be later than the 180th day after the applicable record date.

 

 
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(d) Without limiting the foregoing, a Holder entitled hereunder to take any action hereunder with regard to any particular Security may do so with regard to all or any part of the principal amount of such Security or by one or more duly appointed agents each of which may do so pursuant to such appointment with regard to all or any part of such principal amount.

 

ARTICLE THREE

 

REDEMPTION

 

SECTION 3.01. Applicability of Article.

 

Securities of any series which are redeemable before their Stated Maturity shall be redeemable in accordance with their terms and (except as otherwise specified as contemplated by Section 2.01 for such Securities) in accordance with this Article.

 

SECTION 3.02. Election To Redeem; Notices to Trustee.

 

If the Company elects to redeem the Securities of any series, at least 30 days prior to the Redemption Date (unless a shorter notice shall be agreed to in writing by the Trustee) but not more than 60 days before the Redemption Date, the Company shall notify the Trustee in writing of the Redemption Date, the principal amount of the Securities of such series to be redeemed and the Redemption Price, and deliver to the Trustee, no later than two Business Days prior to the Redemption Date, an Officers Certificate stating that such redemption will comply with the conditions contained herein and in the Securities of such series, as appropriate. Notice given to the Trustee pursuant to this Section 3.02 may, at the Companys discretion, be subject to the satisfaction of one or more conditions precedent.

 

SECTION 3.03. Selection by Trustee of Securities To Be Redeemed.

 

If less than all the Securities of any series are to be redeemed, the Trustee shall select the Securities to be redeemed on a pro rata basis or on as nearly a pro rata basis as is practicable (subject to procedures of the Depository). The Trustee shall promptly notify the Company of the Securities selected for redemption and, in the case of any Securities selected for partial redemption, the principal amount thereof to be redeemed. The Trustee may select for redemption portions of the principal of the Securities that have denominations larger than $1,000. Securities and portions thereof the Trustee selects shall be redeemed in amounts of $1,000 or whole multiples of $1,000. For all purposes of this Indenture unless the context otherwise requires, provisions of this Indenture that apply to Securities called for redemption also apply to portions of Securities called for redemption.

 

SECTION 3.04. Notice of Redemption.

 

At least 30 days, and no more than 60 days, before a Redemption Date, the Company shall mail, or cause to be mailed, a notice of redemption by first-class mail to each Holder of Securities to be redeemed at such Holders last address as the same appears on the register maintained by the Registrar pursuant to Section 2.04.

 

 
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The notice of redemption shall identify the Securities to be redeemed (including the CUSIP numbers thereof) and shall state:

 

(i) the Redemption Date;

 

(ii) the appropriate calculation of the Redemption Price;

 

(iii) if fewer than all outstanding Securities of any series are to be redeemed, the portion of the principal amount of such Securities to be redeemed and that, after the Redemption Date and upon surrender of such Securities, a new Security or Securities of such series in principal amount equal to the unredeemed portion will be issued;

 

(iv) the name and address of the Paying Agent;

 

(v) that Securities called for redemption must be surrendered to the Paying Agent to collect the Redemption Price;

 

(vi) that unless the Company defaults in making the redemption payment, interest on Securities called for redemption ceases to accrue on and after the Redemption Date; and

 

(vii) the aggregate principal amount of Securities of such series that are being redeemed.

 

In addition, if such redemption is subject to satisfaction of one or more conditions precedent, such notice of redemption shall describe each such condition, and if applicable, shall state that, in the Companys discretion, the Redemption Date may be delayed until such time as any or all such conditions shall be satisfied, or such redemption may not occur and such notice may be rescinded in the event that any or all such conditions shall not have been satisfied by the Redemption Date as stated in such notice, or by the redemption date as so delayed.

 

At the Companys written request made at least five Business Days prior to the date on which notice of redemption is to be given, the Trustee shall give the notice of redemption in the Companys name and at the Companys expense.

 

SECTION 3.05. Effect of Notice of Redemption.

 

Once the notice of redemption described in Section 3.04 is mailed, Securities called for redemption become due and payable on the Redemption Date and at the Redemption Price, including any premium, plus interest accrued to the Redemption Date, subject to the satisfaction of any conditions precedent provided in such notice of redemption. Upon surrender to the Paying Agent, such Securities shall be paid at the Redemption Price, including any premium, plus interest accrued to the Redemption Date; provided that if the Redemption Date is after a regular record date and on or prior to the Interest Payment Date, the accrued interest shall be payable to the Holder of the redeemed Securities registered on the relevant record date; and provided, further, that if a Redemption Date is a Legal Holiday, payment shall be made on the next succeeding Business Day and no interest shall accrue for the period from such Redemption Date to such succeeding Business Day. Such notice, if mailed in the manner provided in Section 3.03, shall be conclusively presumed to have been given whether or not the Holder receives such notice.

 

 
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SECTION 3.06. Deposit of Redemption Price.

 

On or prior to 11:00 A.M., New York City time, on each Redemption Date, the Company shall deposit with the Paying Agent in immediately available funds money sufficient to pay the Redemption Price of, including premium, if any, and accrued interest on all Securities to be redeemed on that date other than Securities or portions thereof called for redemption on that date which have been delivered by the Company to the Trustee for cancellation.

 

On and after any Redemption Date, if money sufficient to pay the Redemption Price, including any premium, plus interest accrued to the Redemption Date, of the Securities called for redemption shall have been made available in accordance with the immediately preceding paragraph, the Securities called for redemption will cease to accrue interest and the only right of the Holders of such Securities will be to receive payment of the Redemption Price of and, subject to the first proviso in Section 3.05, accrued and unpaid interest on such Securities to the Redemption Date. If any Security called for redemption shall not be so paid upon surrender thereof for redemption, interest will accrue from the Redemption Date until such redemption payment is made, on the unpaid principal of such Security (and any premium) and interest not paid on such unpaid principal, in each case at the rate and in the manner provided in such Securities.

 

SECTION 3.07. Securities Redeemed in Part.

 

Upon surrender of a Security that is redeemed in part, the Company shall execute and the Trustee shall authenticate for the Holder thereof a new Security of such series equal in principal amount to the unredeemed portion of the original Security in the name of the Holder upon cancellation of the original Security surrendered, except that if a Global Security is so surrendered, the Company shall execute and the Trustee shall authenticate and deliver to the Depository, a new Global Security of such series in denomination equal to and in exchange for the unredeemed portion of the principal of the Global Security so surrendered.

 

SECTION 3.08. Mandatory Redemption.

 

The Company is not required to make mandatory redemption or sinking fund payments with respect to the Securities of any series, unless otherwise specified in accordance with Section 2.01 when establishing the terms of the Securities of such series.

 

 

ARTICLE FOUR

 

COVENANTS

 

SECTION 4.01. Payment of Principal, Premium and Interest.

 

The Company covenants and agrees for the benefit of each series of Securities that it will duly and punctually pay the principal of (and premium, if any) and interest on the Securities of such series in accordance with the terms of the Securities of such series and this Indenture.

 

 
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SECTION 4.02. Maintenance of Office or Agency.

 

The Company will maintain in each Place of Payment for any series of Securities an office or agency where Securities of such series may be presented or surrendered for payment, where Securities of such series may be surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange and where notices and demands to or upon the Company in respect of the Securities of such series and this Indenture may be served. The Company will give prompt written notice to the Trustee of the location, and any change in the location, of such office or agency.

 

If at any time the Company shall fail to maintain any such required office or agency or shall fail to furnish the Trustee with the address thereof, such presentations, surrenders, notices and demands may be made or served at the Corporate Trust Office, and the Company hereby appoints the Trustee as its agent to receive all such presentations, surrenders, notices and demands.

 

The Company may also from time to time designate one or more other offices or agencies where the Securities of any one or more series may be presented or surrendered for any or all such purposes and may from time to time rescind such designations; provided, however, that no such designation or rescission shall in any manner relieve the Company of its obligation to maintain an office or agency in each Place of Payment for Securities of any series for such purposes. The Company will give prompt written notice to the Trustee of any such designation or rescission and of any change in the location of any such other office or agency.

 

SECTION 4.03. Money for Securities Payments To Be Held in Trust.

 

If the Company shall at any time act as its own Paying Agent with respect to the Securities of any series, it will, on or before each due date of the principal of (and premium, if any) or interest on any of the Securities of such series, segregate and hold in trust for the benefit of the Persons entitled thereto a sum sufficient to pay the principal (and premium, if any) or interest so becoming due until such sums shall be paid to such Persons or otherwise disposed of as herein provided and will promptly notify the Trustee of its action or failure so to act.

 

Whenever the Company shall have a Paying Agent for the Securities of any series, it will, prior to 11:00 a.m., New York City time, on each due date of the principal of (and premium, if any) or interest on the Securities of such series, deposit with the Paying Agent a sum sufficient to pay the principal (and premium, if any) or interest so becoming due, such sum to be held in trust for the benefit of the Persons entitled to such principal, premium or interest, and (unless such Paying Agent is the Trustee) the Company will promptly notify the Trustee of its action or failure so to act.

 

The Company will cause the Paying Agent for the Securities of any series, other than the Trustee, to execute and deliver to the Trustee an instrument in which the Paying Agent shall agree with the Trustee, subject to the provisions of this Section 4.03, that the Paying Agent will:

 

 
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(1) hold all sums held by it for the payment of the principal of (and premium, if any) or interest on the Securities of such series in trust for the benefit of the Persons entitled thereto until such sums shall be paid to such Persons or otherwise disposed of as herein provided;

 

(2) give the Trustee notice of any default by the Company in the making of any payment of principal (and premium, if any) or interest on the Securities of such series; and

 

(3) at any time during the continuance of any such default, upon the written request of the Trustee, forthwith pay to the Trustee all sums so held in trust by the Paying Agent.

 

The Company may at any time, for the purpose of obtaining the satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture or for any other purpose, pay, or by Company Order direct the Paying Agent to pay, to the Trustee all sums held in trust by the Company or the Paying Agent, such sums to be held by the Trustee upon the same trusts as those upon which such sums were held by the Company or the Paying Agent; and, upon such payment by the Paying Agent to the Trustee, the Paying Agent shall be released from all further liability with respect to such money.

 

SECTION 4.04. Corporate Existence.

 

Subject to Article Five, the Company will do or cause to be done all things necessary to preserve and keep in full force and effect its existence as a corporation.

 

SECTION 4.05. Payment of Taxes and Other Claims.

 

The Company will pay or discharge or cause to be paid or discharged, before the same shall become delinquent, (1) all taxes, assessments and governmental charges levied or imposed upon the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary or upon the income, profits or property of the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary, and (2) all lawful claims against the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary for labor, materials and supplies which in the case of either clause (1) or (2) of this Section 4.05, if unpaid, might by law become a lien upon a Principal Property; provided, however, that neither the Company nor any Restricted Subsidiary shall be required to pay or discharge or cause to be paid or discharged any such tax, assessment, charge or claim whose amount, applicability or validity is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings.

 

SECTION 4.06. Restrictions on Secured Debt.

 

(a) The Company will not, nor will it permit any Restricted Subsidiary to, create, incur, issue, assume or guarantee any indebtedness for borrowed money (hereinafter called indebtedness) secured by a mortgage, security interest, pledge or lien (hereinafter called mortgage) of or upon any Principal Property or on any Capital Stock or indebtedness of any Restricted Subsidiary (whether such Principal Property, Capital Stock or indebtedness is now owned or hereafter acquired) without in any such case making or causing to be made effective provision (and the Company covenants that in any such case it shall make or cause to be made effective provision) whereby the Securities (together with, if the Company shall so determine, any other indebtedness created, incurred, issued, assumed or guaranteed by the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary and then existing or thereafter created) shall be secured equally and ratably with (or, at the option of the Company, prior to) such indebtedness, so long as such indebtedness shall be so secured.

 

 
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(b) The provisions of Section 4.06(a) shall not, however, apply to any indebtedness secured by any one or more of the following:

 

(1) mortgages of or upon any property acquired, constructed or improved by, or of or upon Capital Stock or indebtedness acquired by, the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary after the date of this Indenture (A) to secure the payment of all or any part of the purchase price of such property, Capital Stock or indebtedness upon the acquisition thereof by the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary, or (B) to secure any indebtedness issued, assumed or guaranteed by the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary prior to, at the time of, or within 180 days after (i) in the case of property, the later of the acquisition, completion of construction (including any improvements on existing property) or commencement of commercial operation of such property or (ii) in the case of Capital Stock or indebtedness, the acquisition of such Capital Stock or indebtedness, which indebtedness is issued, assumed or guaranteed for the purpose of financing or refinancing all or any part of the purchase price of such property, Capital Stock or indebtedness and, in the case of property, the cost of construction thereof or improvements thereon, provided that in the case of any such acquisition, construction or improvement the mortgage shall not apply to any property, Capital Stock or indebtedness theretofore owned by the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary, other than, in the case of any such construction or improvement, any theretofore unimproved or substantially unimproved real property on which the property so constructed or the improvement is located;

 

(2) mortgages of or upon any property, Capital Stock or indebtedness existing at the time of acquisition thereof by the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary;

 

(3) mortgages of or upon any property of a corporation existing at the time such corporation is merged with or into or consolidated with the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary or existing at the time of a sale or transfer of the properties of a corporation as an entirety or substantially as an entirety to the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary;

 

(4) mortgages of or upon any property of, or Capital Stock or indebtedness of, a corporation existing at the time such corporation becomes a Restricted Subsidiary;

 

(5) mortgages to secure indebtedness of any Restricted Subsidiary to the Company or to another Restricted Subsidiary;

 

(6) mortgages in favor of the United States of America or any State thereof, or any department, agency or instrumentality or political subdivision of the United States of America or any State thereof, or in favor of any other country or political subdivision, to secure partial, progress, advance or other payments pursuant to any contract or statute or to secure any indebtedness incurred or guaranteed for the purpose of financing or refinancing all or any part of the purchase price of the property, Capital Stock or indebtedness subject to such mortgages, or the cost of constructing or improving the property subject to such mortgages (including, without limitation, mortgages incurred in connection with pollution control, industrial revenue or similar financings); and

 

 
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(7) any extension, renewal or replacement (or successive extensions, renewals or replacements) in whole or in part of any mortgage existing at the date of this Indenture or any mortgage referred to in the foregoing clauses (1) through (6), inclusive, provided, however, that the principal amount of indebtedness secured thereby shall not exceed the principal amount of indebtedness so secured at the time of such extension, renewal or replacement, and that such extension, renewal or replacement shall be limited to all or a part of the property (plus improvements and construction on such property), Capital Stock or indebtedness which was subject to the mortgage so extended, renewed or replaced.

 

(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 4.06(a), the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary may, without equally and ratably securing the Securities, issue, assume or guarantee indebtedness secured by a mortgage not excepted by clauses (1) through (7) of Section 4.06(b), if the aggregate amount of such indebtedness, together with all other indebtedness of, or indebtedness guaranteed by, the Company and its Restricted Subsidiaries existing at such time and secured by mortgages not so excepted and the Attributable Debt in respect of Sale and Lease-Back Transactions existing at such time (other than Sale and Lease-Back Transactions permitted by clause (i) of Section 4.07 and other than Sale and Lease-Back Transactions the proceeds of which have been applied in accordance with clause (iii) of Section 4.07), does not at the time exceed [15]% of Consolidated Net Tangible Assets.

 

SECTION 4.07. Restrictions on Sale and Lease-Back Transactions.

 

The Company will not, and will not permit any Restricted Subsidiary to, enter into any arrangement with any Person providing for the leasing by the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary of any Principal Property, whether now owned or hereafter acquired (except for temporary leases for a term, including any renewal thereof, of not more than three years and except for leases between the Company and any Restricted Subsidiary, between any Restricted Subsidiary and the Company or between Restricted Subsidiaries), which property has been or is to be sold or transferred by the Company or such Restricted Subsidiary to such Person with the intention of taking back a lease of such property (herein referred to as a Sale and Lease-Back Transaction) unless:

 

(i) the Company or such Restricted Subsidiary would (at the time of entering into such arrangement) be entitled pursuant to clause (1) or (6) of Section 4.06(b), without equally and ratably securing the Securities, to issue, assume or guarantee indebtedness secured by a mortgage on such property, or

 

(ii) the Company or such Restricted Subsidiary would (at the time of entering into such arrangement) be entitled pursuant to Section 4.06(c), without equally and ratably securing the Securities, to issue, assume or guarantee indebtedness secured by a mortgage on such property in an amount at least equal to the Attributable Debt in respect of such Sale and Lease-Back Transaction or

 

 
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(iii) the Company shall apply, within 180 days of the effective date of any such arrangement, an amount not less than the greater of (x) the net proceeds of the sale of such property or (y) the fair market value (as determined by the Board of Directors) of such property to either the prepayment or retirement (other than any mandatory prepayment or retirement) of indebtedness incurred or assumed by the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary (other than indebtedness owned by the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary) which by its terms matures at or is extendible or renewable at the option of the obligor to a date more than twelve months after the date of the creation of such indebtedness, or to the acquisition, construction or improvement of a manufacturing plant or manufacturing facility which is, or upon such acquisition, construction or improvement will be, a Principal Property.

 

SECTION 4.08. Reports to Holders.

 

The Company shall:

 

(1) file with the Trustee, within 15 days after the Company has filed the same with the Commission, copies of the annual reports and of the information, documents and other reports (or copies of such portions of any of the foregoing as the Commission may from time to time by rules and regulations prescribe) which the Company may be required to file with the Commission pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act; or, if the Company is not required to file information, documents or reports pursuant to either of said Sections, then it shall file with the Trustee and the Commission, in accordance with rules and regulations prescribed from time to time by the Commission, such of the supplementary and periodic information, documents and reports which may be required pursuant to Section 13 of the Exchange Act in respect of a security listed and registered on a national securities exchange as may be prescribed from time to time in such rules and regulations;

 

(2) file with the Trustee and the Commission, in accordance with rules and regulations prescribed from time to time by the Commission, such additional information, documents and reports with respect to compliance by the Company with the conditions and covenants of this Indenture as may be required from time to time by such rules and regulations; and

 

(3) transmit by mail to all Holders, as their names and addresses appear in the register maintained by the Registrar pursuant to Section 2.04, within 30 days after the filing thereof with the Trustee, such summaries of any information, documents and reports required to be filed by the Company pursuant to Section 4.08(1) or (2) as may be required by rules and regulations prescribed from time to time by the Commission.

 

Delivery of such reports, information and documents to the Trustee is for informational purposes only and the Trustees receipt of such shall not constitute constructive notice of any information contained therein or determinable from information contained therein, including the Companys compliance with any of its covenants hereunder (as to which the Trustee is entitled to rely exclusively on Officers Certificates).

 

All references in this Agreement to the filing of documents with the Commission includes, at such time as is permitted pursuant to this Section, the delivering of the same to the Trustee.

 

 
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SECTION 4.09. Statement by Officers as to Default.

 

The Company will deliver to the Trustee, within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Company ending after the date hereof, an Officers Certificate, stating whether or not to the best knowledge of the signers thereof the Company is in default in the performance and observance of any of the terms, provisions and conditions of Sections 4.06 and 4.07, and if the Company shall be in default, specifying all such defaults and the nature and status thereof of which they may have knowledge.

 

SECTION 4.10. Waiver of Certain Covenants.

 

The Company may omit in any particular instance to comply with any term, provision or condition set forth in Section 4.06 or 4.07 with respect to the Securities of any series if before the time for such compliance the Holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding Securities of such series shall, by act of such Holders, either waive such compliance in such instance or generally waive compliance with such term, provision or condition, but no such waiver shall extend to or affect such term, provision or condition except to the extent so expressly waived, and, until such waiver shall become effective, the obligations of the Company and the duties of the Trustee in respect of any such term, provision or condition shall remain in full force and effect.

 

 

ARTICLE FIVE

 

SUCCESSOR CORPORATION

 

SECTION 5.01. Consolidation, Merger and Sale of Assets.

 

The Company may consolidate or merge with or into any other corporation, or lease, sell or transfer all or substantially all of its property and assets to any Person, if:

 

(a) the corporation formed by such consolidation or into which the Company is merged, or the Person which acquires by lease, sale or transfer all or substantially all of the Companys property and assets, is a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the United States of America, any State in the United States of America or the District of Columbia;

 

(b) the corporation formed by such consolidation or into which the Company is merged, or the corporation which acquires by lease, sale or transfer all or substantially all of the Companys property and assets, agrees to pay the principal of, and any premium and interest on, the Securities and perform and observe all covenants and conditions of this Indenture by executing and delivering to the Trustee a supplemental indenture; and

 

(c) immediately after giving effect to such transaction and treating indebtedness for borrowed money which becomes the Companys obligation or an obligation of a Restricted Subsidiary as a result of such transaction as having been incurred by the Company or such Restricted Subsidiary at the time of such transaction, no Event of Default, and no event which, after notice or lapse of time or both, would become an Event of Default, has happened and is continuing.

 

 
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If, upon any such consolidation or merger, or upon any such lease, sale or transfer as provided above, any Principal Property or any capital stock or indebtedness of any Restricted Subsidiary, owned immediately prior to the transaction, would thereupon become subject to any mortgage, security interest, pledge or lien securing any indebtedness for borrowed money of, or guaranteed by, such other corporation (other than any mortgage, security interest, pledge or lien permitted as described in Section 4.06), the Company, prior to such consolidation, merger, lease, sale or transfer, will, by executing and delivering to the Trustee a supplemental indenture, secure the due and punctual payment of the principal of, and any premium and interest on, the Securities (together with, if the Company shall so determine, any other indebtedness of, or guaranteed by, the Company or any Restricted Subsidiary and then existing or thereafter created) equally and ratably with (or, at the Companys option, prior to) the indebtedness secured by such mortgage, security interest, pledge or lien.

 

Upon any consolidation by the Company with or merger by the Company into any other corporation or any lease, sale or transfer of all or substantially all of the property and assets of the Company in accordance with this Section 5.01, the successor corporation formed by such consolidation or into which the Company is merged or to which such lease, sale or transfer is made shall succeed to, and be substituted for, and may exercise every right and power of, the Company under this Indenture with the same effect as if such successor corporation had been named as the Company herein, and thereafter, except in the case of a lease, the predecessor corporation shall be relieved of all obligations and covenants under this Indenture and the Securities.

 

 

ARTICLE SIX

 

DEFAULTS AND REMEDIES

 

SECTION 6.01. Events of Default.

 

The following events shall be Events of Default with respect to Securities of any series:

 

(1) a failure to pay interest upon any Security of such series that continues for a period of 30 days after payment is due;

 

(2) a failure to pay the principal or premium, if any, on any Security of such series when due upon maturity, redemption, acceleration or otherwise;

 

(3) a failure to comply with any of the Companys other agreements contained in this Indenture (other than a covenant or warranty a default in whose performance or whose breach is elsewhere in this Section specifically dealt with or which has expressly been included in this Indenture solely for the benefit of series of Securities other than such series), for a period of 90 days after written notice to the Company of such failure from the Trustee (or to the Company and the Trustee from the holders of at least 25% of the principal amount of the Securities of such series then outstanding) specifying such failure and requiring it to be remedied and stating that such notice is a Notice of Default hereunder;

 

(4) the Company pursuant to or within the meaning of any Bankruptcy Law:

 

(A) commences a voluntary insolvency proceeding;

 

 
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(B) consents to the entry of an order for relief against it in an involuntary insolvency proceeding or consents to its dissolution or winding-up;

 

(C) consents to the appointment of a Custodian of it or for any substantial part of its property; or

 

(D) makes a general assignment for the benefit of its creditors; and

 

(5) a court of competent jurisdiction enters an order or decree under any Bankruptcy Law that:

 

(A) is for relief against the Company in an involuntary insolvency proceeding;

 

(B) appoints a Custodian of the Company or for any substantial part of its property;

 

(C) orders the winding-up, liquidation or dissolution of the Company; or

 

(D) orders the presentation of any plan or arrangement, compromise or reorganization of the Company;

 

and in each such case the order or decree remains unstayed and in effect for 90 days.

 

SECTION 6.02. Acceleration of Maturity; Rescission.

 

If an Event of Default with respect to the Securities of any series (other than an Event of Default specified in Section 6.01(4) or 6.01(5)) shall have occurred and be continuing, the Trustee or the registered Holders of not less than 25% in aggregate principal amount of the Securities of such series then outstanding may declare to be immediately due and payable the principal amount of all Securities of such series then outstanding by written notice to the Company and the Trustee, plus accrued but unpaid interest to the date of acceleration. In case an Event of Default specified in Sections 6.01(4) and 6.01(5) shall occur, such amount with respect to all such Securities shall be automatically due and payable immediately without any declaration or other act on the part of the Trustee or the Holders of such Securities. After any such acceleration, but before a judgment or decree based on acceleration is obtained by the Trustee, the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of such Securities then outstanding may rescind and annul such acceleration (i) if the rescission would not conflict with any judgment or decree, (ii) if all existing Events of Default have been cured or waived except nonpayment of principal, premium or interest that has become due solely because of the acceleration, (iii) to the extent the payment of such interest is lawful, interest on overdue installments of interest and overdue principal, which has become due otherwise than by such declaration of acceleration, has been paid, (iv) if the Company has paid the Trustee its reasonable compensation and reimbursed the Trustee for its expenses, disbursements and advances and all other amounts due to the Trustee under Section 7.07 and (v) in the event of the cure or waiver of an Event of Default of the type described in either Section 6.01(4) or (5), the Trustee shall have received an Officers Certificate to the effect that such Event of Default has been cured or waived. No such rescission shall affect any subsequent Default or impair any right consequent thereto.

 

 
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Subject to Section 7.01, in case an Event of Default shall occur and be continuing with respect to any series of Securities, the Trustee shall be under no obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers under this Indenture at the request or direction of any of the Holders of such series of Securities, unless such Holders shall have offered to the Trustee reasonable indemnity. Subject to Section 7.07, the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of such series of Securities then outstanding will have the right to direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the Trustee or exercising any trust or power conferred on the Trustee with respect to such Securities.

 

SECTION 6.03. Other Remedies.

 

If an Event of Default occurs and is continuing with respect to any series of Securities, the Trustee may pursue any available remedy by proceeding at law or in equity to collect the payment of principal of, or premium, if any, and interest on the Securities of such series or to enforce the performance of any provision of the Securities of such series or this Indenture and may take any necessary action requested of it as Trustee to settle, compromise, adjust or otherwise conclude any proceedings to which it is a party.

 

The Trustee may maintain a proceeding even if it does not possess any of the Securities of such series or does not produce any of them in the proceeding. Any such proceeding instituted by the Trustee may be brought in its own name and as trustee of an express trust, and any recovery of judgment shall, after provision for the payment of the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements of the Trustee and its counsel, be for the ratable benefit of the Holders of the Securities of such series in respect of which such judgment has been recovered. A delay or omission by the Trustee or any Holder in exercising any right or remedy accruing upon an Event of Default shall not impair the right or remedy or constitute a waiver of or acquiescence in the Event of Default. No remedy is exclusive of any other remedy. All available remedies are cumulative, to the extent permitted by law. Any costs associated with actions taken by the Trustee under this Section 6.03 shall be reimbursed to the Trustee by the Company.

 

SECTION 6.04. Waiver of Past Defaults and Events of Default.

 

Provided the Securities of any series are not then due and payable by reason of a declaration of acceleration, the Holders of a majority in principal amount of the then outstanding Securities of such series may on behalf of the Holders of all the affected Securities waive any past Default with respect to such Securities and its consequences by providing written notice thereof to the Company and the Trustee, except a Default (1) in the payment of interest on or the principal of (or premium, if any, on) any Security or (2) in respect of a covenant or provision hereof which under this Indenture cannot be amended without the consent of the Holder of each outstanding Security affected. In the case of any such waiver, the Company, the Trustee and the Holders of the Securities will be restored to their former positions and rights under this Indenture, respectively; provided that no such waiver shall extend to any subsequent or other Default or impair any right consequent thereto.

 

 
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SECTION 6.05. Control by Majority.

 

The Holders of at least a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Securities of any series may direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the Trustee or exercising any trust or power conferred on the Trustee with respect to the Securities of such series. However, the Trustee may refuse to follow any direction that conflicts with law or this Indenture, that may involve the Trustee in personal liability, or that the Trustee determines in good faith may be unduly prejudicial to the rights of Holders of the affected Securities not joining in the giving of such direction and may take any other action it deems proper that is not inconsistent with any such direction received from Holders of such Securities.

 

SECTION 6.06. Limitation on Suits.

 

No Holder of any Security of any series will have any right to institute any proceeding with respect to this Indenture, or for the appointment of a receiver or trustee, or for any remedy hereunder, unless:

 

(1) the Holder gives the Trustee written notice of a continuing Event of Default with respect to the Securities of such series,

 

(2) the Holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of outstanding Securities of such series make a written request to the Trustee to institute such proceeding or pursue such remedy as trustee,

 

(3) such Holder or Holders offer the Trustee indemnity satisfactory to the Trustee against any costs, liability or expense,

 

(4) the Trustee does not comply with the request within 60 days after receipt of the notice, request and offer of indemnity, and

 

(5) during such 60-day period the Holders of at least a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Securities of such series do not give the Trustee a direction that is inconsistent with the request.

 

However, such limitations do not apply to a suit instituted by a Holder of any Security for enforcement of payment of the principal of, and premium, if any, or interest on, such Security on or after the respective due date expressed in such Security.

 

SECTION 6.07. No Personal Liability of Directors, Officers, Employees and Stockholders.

 

No past, present or future director, officer, employee, incorporator, agent, member or stockholder or Affiliate of the Company, as such, shall have any liability for any obligations of the Company under the Securities, or this Indenture or for any claim based on, in respect of, or by reason of, such obligations or their creation. Each Holder of Securities by accepting a Security waives and releases all such liability. The waiver and release are part of the consideration for issuance of the Securities. This waiver may not be effective to waive liabilities under the U.S. federal securities laws.

 

 
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SECTION 6.08. Rights of Holders To Receive Payment.

 

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Indenture, the right of any Holder of a Security to receive payment of the principal of or premium, if any, or interest, if any, on such Security or to bring suit for the enforcement of any such payment, on or after the due date expressed in the Securities shall not be impaired or affected without the consent of the Holder.

 

SECTION 6.09. Collection Suit by Trustee.

 

If an Event of Default with respect to Securities of any series in payment of principal, premium or interest specified in Section 6.01(1) or (2) occurs and is continuing, the Trustee may recover judgment in its own name and as trustee of an express trust against the Company (or any other obligor on the Securities of such series) for the whole amount of unpaid principal and accrued interest remaining unpaid.

 

SECTION 6.10. Trustee May File Proofs of Claim.

 

The Trustee may file such proofs of claim and other papers or documents as may be necessary or advisable in order to have the claims of the Trustee (including any claim for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Trustee, its agents and counsel, and any other amounts due the Trustee under Section 7.07) and the Holders allowed in any judicial proceedings relative to the Company (or any other obligor upon the Securities), its creditors or its property and, unless prohibited by law, shall be entitled and empowered to collect and receive any monies or other property payable or deliverable on any such claims and to distribute the same after deduction of its charges and expenses to the extent that any such charges and expenses are not paid out of the estate in any such proceedings and any custodian in any such judicial proceeding is hereby authorized by each Holder to make such payments to the Trustee, and in the event that the Trustee shall consent to the making of such payments directly to the Holders, to pay to the Trustee any amount due to it for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Trustee, its agents and counsel, and any other amounts due the Trustee under Section 7.07.

 

Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to authorize the Trustee to authorize or consent to or accept or adopt on behalf of any Holder any plan of reorganization, arrangement, adjustment or composition affecting the Securities or the rights of any Holder thereof, or to authorize the Trustee to vote in respect of the claim of any Holder in any such proceedings. All rights of action and claims under this Indenture or the Securities may be prosecuted and enforced by the Trustee without the possession of any of the Securities thereof in any proceeding relating thereto, and any such proceeding instituted by the Trustee shall be brought in its own name as trustee of an express trust, and any recovery of judgment shall, after provision for the payment of the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Trustee, its agents and counsel, be for the ratable benefit of the Holders in respect of which such judgment has been recovered.

 

 
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SECTION 6.11. Priorities.

 

If the Trustee collects any money pursuant to this Article Six, it shall pay out the money in the following order:

 

FIRST: to the Trustee for amounts due under Section 7.07;

 

SECOND: to Holders for amounts due and unpaid on the affected Securities for principal, premium, if any, and interest as to each, ratably, without preference or priority of any kind, according to the amounts due and payable on the Securities; and

 

THIRD: to the Company.

 

The Trustee may fix a record date and payment date for any payment to Holders pursuant to this Section 6.11.

 

SECTION 6.12. Undertaking for Costs.

 

In any suit for the enforcement of any right or remedy under this Indenture or in any suit against the Trustee for any action taken or omitted by it as Trustee, a court in its discretion may require the filing by any party litigant in the suit of an undertaking to pay the costs of the suit, and the court in its discretion may assess reasonable costs, including reasonable attorneys fees and expenses, against any party litigant in the suit, having due regard to the merits and good faith of the claims or defenses made by the party litigant. This Section 6.12 does not apply to a suit by the Company, a suit by the Trustee, a suit by a Holder pursuant to Section 6.08 or a suit by Holders of more than 10% in principal amount of the Securities of any series then outstanding.

 

SECTION 6.13. Waiver of Stay or Extension Laws.

 

The Company covenants (to the extent that it may lawfully do so) that it will not at any time insist upon, or plead, or in any manner whatsoever claim or take the benefit or advantage of, any stay or extension law wherever enacted, now or at any time hereafter in force, which may affect the covenants or the performance of this Indenture; and the Company (to the extent that it may lawfully do so) hereby expressly waives all benefit or advantage of any such law and covenants that it will not hinder, delay or impede the execution of any power herein granted to the Trustee, but will suffer and permit the execution of every such power as though no such law has been enacted.

 

ARTICLE SEVEN

 

TRUSTEE

 

SECTION 7.01. Duties of Trustee.

 

(a) If an Event of Default actually known to a Responsible Officer of the Trustee has occurred and is continuing, the Trustee shall exercise such of the rights and powers vested in it by this Indenture and use the same degree of care and skill in their exercise as a prudent person would exercise or use under the circumstances in the conduct of such Persons own affairs.

 

 
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The Trustee shall not be deemed to have notice of any Default or Event of Default unless a Responsible Officer of the Trustee has actual knowledge thereof or unless written notice of any event which is in fact such a Default or Event of Default is received by the Trustee at the Corporate Trust Office, and such notice references the Securities and this Indenture.

 

(b) Except during the continuance of an Event of Default:

 

(1) the Trustee need perform only such duties as are specifically set forth in this Indenture and no others.

 

(2) in the absence of bad faith or willful misconduct on its part, the Trustee may conclusively rely, as to the truth of the statements and the correctness of the opinions expressed therein, upon certificates or opinions furnished to the Trustee and conforming to the requirements of this Indenture but, in the case of any such certificates or opinions which by any provision hereof are specifically required to be furnished to the Trustee, the Trustee shall be under a duty to examine the same to determine whether or not they conform on their face to the requirements of this Indenture (but need not confirm or investigate the accuracy of mathematical calculations or other facts stated therein). Whenever in the administration of this Indenture the Trustee shall deem it desirable that a matter be proved or established prior to taking, suffering or omitting any action hereunder, the Trustee (unless other evidence be herein specifically prescribed) may, in the absence of bad faith on its part, conclusively rely upon an Officers Certificate, subject to the requirement in the preceding sentence, if applicable.

 

(c) The Trustee may not be relieved from liability for its own negligent action, its own negligent failure to act, or its own willful misconduct, except that:

 

(1) this Section 7.01(c) does not limit the effect of Section 7.01(b);

 

(2) the Trustee shall not be liable for any error of judgment made in good faith by a Responsible Officer or Responsible Officers of the Trustee, unless it is proved that the Trustee was negligent in ascertaining the pertinent facts;

 

(3) the Trustee shall not be liable with respect to any action it takes or omits to take in good faith in accordance with a direction of the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Securities of any series received by it pursuant to the terms hereof; and

 

(4) no provision of this Indenture shall require the Trustee to expend or risk its own funds or otherwise incur any financial liability in the performance of any of its rights, powers or duties if it shall have reasonable grounds for believing that repayment of such funds or adequate indemnity satisfactory to it against such risk or liability is not reasonably assured to it.

 

(d) Whether or not therein expressly so provided, Sections 7.01(a), (b), (c) and (e) shall govern every provision of this Indenture that in any way relates to the Trustee.

 

 
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(e) The Trustee shall be under no obligation to exercise any of the rights or powers vested in it by this Indenture at the request or direction of any of the Holders pursuant to this Indenture, unless such Holders shall have offered to the Trustee security or indemnity satisfactory to the Trustee against the costs, expenses and liabilities which might be incurred by it in compliance with such request.

 

(f) The Trustee shall not be liable for interest on any money received by it except as the Trustee may agree in writing with the Company. Money held in trust by the Trustee need not be segregated from other funds except to the extent required by law.

 

SECTION 7.02. Rights of Trustee.

 

Subject to Section 7.01:

 

(1) the Trustee may conclusively rely on any document (whether in its original or facsimile form) reasonably believed by it to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper person. The Trustee need not investigate any fact or matter stated in the document;

 

(2) before the Trustee acts or refrains from acting, it may require an Officers Certificate or an Opinion of Counsel, or both, which shall conform to the provisions of Section 10.05, and the Trustee shall be protected and shall not be liable for any action it takes or omits to take in good faith in reliance on such certificate or opinion;

 

(3) the Trustee may act through its attorneys and agents and shall not be responsible for the misconduct or negligence of any agent appointed by it with due care;

 

(4) the Trustee shall not be liable for any action it takes or omits to take in good faith which it reasonably believes to be authorized or within its rights or powers conferred upon it by this Indenture; provided that the Trustees conduct does not constitute willful misconduct, negligence or bad faith;

 

(5) the Trustee may consult with counsel of its selection, and the advice or opinion of such counsel with respect to legal matters relating to the Securities or this Indenture shall be full and complete authorization and protection from liability in respect of any action taken, omitted or suffered by it hereunder in good faith and in accordance with the advice or opinion of such counsel;

 

(6) the rights, privileges, protections, immunities and benefits given to the Trustee, including, without limitation, its right to be indemnified, are extended to, and shall be enforceable by, the Trustee in each of its capacities hereunder, and each agent, custodian and other person employed to act hereunder;

 

(7) the Trustee shall not be bound to make any investigation into the facts or matters stated in any resolution, certificate, statement, instrument, opinion, report, notice, request, direction, consent, order, bond, debenture, note, other evidence of indebtedness or other paper or document, but the Trustee, in its discretion, may make such further inquiry or investigation into such facts or matters as it may see fit, and, if the Trustee shall determine to make such further inquiry or investigation, it shall be entitled to examine the books records, and premises of the Company, personally or by agent or attorney at the sole cost of the Company and shall incur no liability or additional liability of any kind by reason of such inquiry or investigation; and

 

 
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(8) the Trustee may request that the Company deliver an Officers Certificate setting forth the names of individuals or titles of officers authorized at such time to take specified actions pursuant to this Indenture, which Officers Certificate may be signed by any person authorized to sign an Officers Certificate, including any person specified as so authorized in any such certificate previously delivered and not suspended.

 

SECTION 7.03. Individual Rights of Trustee.

 

The Trustee in its individual or any other capacity may become the owner or pledgee of Securities and may make loans to, accept deposits from, perform services for or otherwise deal with the Company or any Affiliate thereof, with the same rights it would have if it were not Trustee. Any Agent may do the same with like rights. The Trustee, however, shall be subject to Sections 7.10 and 7.11.

 

SECTION 7.04. Trustee’s Disclaimer.

 

The Trustee shall not be responsible for and makes no representation as to the validity or adequacy of this Indenture or the Securities, the Trustee shall not be accountable for the Companys use of the proceeds from the sale of Securities or any money paid to the Company pursuant to the terms of this Indenture and the Trustee shall not be responsible for any statement in the Securities or this Indenture other than its certificate of authentication, provided that the Trustee represents that it is duly authorized to execute and deliver this Indenture, authenticate the Securities and perform its obligations hereunder and that the statements made by it in any Statement of Eligibility and Qualification on Form T-1 supplied by it to the Company will be true and accurate subject to the qualifications set forth therein.  

 

SECTION 7.05. Notice of Defaults.

 

If a Default occurs with respect to Securities of any series, and such Default is continuing and if it is known to the Trustee, the Trustee shall give to each Holder of Securities of such series a notice of the Default within 90 days after it occurs in